- Created by: Jenniferhurst94
- Created on: 12-02-19 19:51
secularisation in Britain
CROCKETT estimates that in 1851 40% or more of the adult population of Britain attended church on Sundays. in 1966 Wilson argued that Western societies had been undergoing a long term process of secularisation.
Church attendance today-by 2015 5% of the adult population attended church on Sundays. The English Church Census shows that attendances at large organisations have declined more than small organisations. by 2012 only 30% of weddings were in church. Bogus baptisms have increased.
religious affiliation today membership or identification with religion. continuing decline. christians fell by 1/3 and Catholics increased slightly.
religious beliefs today religious beliefs is declining.
religious institutions today influence has also declined significantly since C19th
explanations of secularisation
WEBER: rationalisation- the process by which rational ways of thinking and acting can come to replace religious ones. argued the protestant reformation started a process of rationalisation.
disenchantment- rational mode of thought intern allowing science to thrive undermining religion.
technological world view- looking to science and technology for an explanation leaving no room for religious explanations
social and cultural diversity
religious diversity- sacred canopy and plausibility structure.
simply changing in its form
ignorant of people who believe but don't attend
secularisation is not universal
religious diversity increases participation as it offers choice