Middle Ages- Law
Laws-The laws covered everything.
The local lord was made by the Lord of the Manor who dealt with minor cases.
The overall law was made by the King after consultation with nobles and bishops, and Lords of the country (all land owners).
The Law had two aims- protect property and land and to protect from violence.
The King's Peace was the law of the country as the King's job was to keep the peace.
The law was made so people could live without fear of crime.
Middle Ages- Trials
Trials were usually 15 minutes long.
Two types of trial; Trial By Jury and then if the jury couldn't decide it was decided by Trial By Ordeal.
There were Royal Judges.
In villages, there was a weekly court at the local Manor.
Justices of the Peace were Magistrates.
Middle Ages- Punishment
Stocks, mutilation, pillory, execution, public, outlaw, wergild, fines and whipping.Once the king became Christian, Wergild and Mutilation were the preferred punishments as people could reform their ways and repent their sins.
Capital Punishment not used that much yet!!!!
Middle Ages- Policing
No police force!!!
Sherriff and his Posse,Constables.
Hue + Cry- Victim of the crime raises H+C in the village, the village would help capture the criminal. It was your duty and if you did not contribute you could be heavily fined. Tithings- Group of 10 men over the age of 12 who are responsible for each others behaviour.