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chevra kaddisha

  • the men and women who prepare bodies for burial, they must know all the laws about preparing bodies and be volunteers
  • means "holy society"
  • Jews regard burying the dead as a holy responsibility - thus the meaning
  • the bodies are carfeully washed and wrapped before burial
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kashrut

  • is the state of being kosher
  • the study of laws relating to food
  • kosher is losely translated at "permitted"
  • kosher applies not just to food but to clothing, wine, money and speech
  • keeping kosher begins at the home but should extend to how a jewish person lives their life - they should have reason behind them keeping kosher 
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kippah

  • skull cap worn by Jewish males
  • 
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kosher

  • kosher is loosely translated as permitted, therefore what is not kosher is forbidden
  • it refers to winem food, money, clothing and speech

 

 

 

 

 

(see kashrut for more)

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mezuzah

  • a parchment scroll with 2 passages (from Deuteronomy - or otherwise known as the shema) written in hebrew
  • it must ba handwritten by a trained scribe
  • it may only be made from the skin of a kosher animal
  • it is fixed to the doorpost of every room in a jewish house (expect the toilet), as a symbol for their dedication to God and the Jewish people
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mikveh

  • is a place where water has been gathered
  • it is a ritual pool where women go
  • it is considered the most important Jewish building - and even takes priority over the synagogue
  • it refers to the immersion of one's entire body into a body of natural water (it must be natural rain water)

 

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parev

  • food that may be eaten will either with meat or dairy
  • an example would be fish and eggs
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shechitah

  • the jewish method of animal slaughter
  • it is cut across the throat made by a razor-sharp knife
  • it is known as a humane way of killing animals - because it is forbidden to cause any creature harm
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shiva

  • is the first week after the funeral
  • this is understandably the most intense period of mourning
  • three times each day firends and synagogue members will come to pray will the mourners - where the male mourners recite kaddish
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tallit

  • the prayer robe
  • a four cornered square of cloth - usually made from wool or silk
  • attached to each corner are fringes which are known as tzitzit
  • it is what the wearer will eventually be buried in
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tefillin

  • consists of two black leather boxes (one worn on the upper arm the other worn on the head) - inside is the shema and exodus
  • jewish males over 13 must wear tefillin at morning prayer expect on shabbat and festivals
  • they remind the wearer that he must serve God with his heart and mind
  • they have to be opened and checked every 3 years - because the writting could fade
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yahrzeit

  • the anniversary of the death
  • a candle is kept burning and kaddish is said again
  • this will continue for as long as the immediate relatives live
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