Peace and conflict
Nuclear weapons- Weapons based on atomic fission or fusion
Pacifism- Refusing to fight in wars
Just war- A war which is fought for the right reasons and in a right way
World peace- The basic aim of the United Nations to remove the causes of war
Bullying- Intimidating/ frightning people weaker than yourself
Forgiveness- The act of stopping blaming someone and/ or pardoning them for what thay have done wrong.
Reconciliation- Bringing together people who were opposed to each other
Religion and the environment
Pollution- The contamination/ degration of the environment
Greenhouse effect- The trapping of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which is thought to increase the temperature of the earth.
Acid rain- Such pollutants as coal smoke which make rain more acidic.
Natural resources- Naturally occuring materials such as oil and fertile land which can be used by humans.
Creation- The act of creating the universe or the universe which has been created.
Stewardship- Looking after something so it can be passed on to the next generation.
Environment- The surroundings in which plants and animals live and which they depend on to live
Conservation- Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment
Animal rights- The belief that animals have rights not to be exploited by humans
Religion and social responsibility
Bible- The holy book of christians with 66 books split into old and new testament
Church- The community of christians. Christian place of worship
Conscience- An inner feeling of the rightness or the wrongness of an action
Situation ethics- The idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do in a situation.
Electoral process- The way in which voting is organised.
First- past- the- post- The voting system where whoever gets the most votes in a constituency wins the seat
Proportional representation- The voting system where seats are distributed according to the proportion of votes
National government- The government headed by the Prime Minister and parliament which governs the whole country
Local government- The local council which looks after local issues such as education and refuse disposal
Decalogue- The ten commandments
Golden rule- The teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you
Crime and punishment
Sin- An act against the will of God
Crime- An act against the law
Law- Rules made by Parliament and enforceable by the courts
Justice- Due allocation of reward and punishments, the maintenance of what is right
Deterrance- The idea that punishments should be of such a nature that they will put people off (deter) commiting crimes
Retribution- The idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done wrong
Reform- The idea that punishments should try to change criminals so that they will not commit crimes again
Judgement- The act of judging people and their actions
Punishment- A penalty given for any crime or offence
Capital punishment- The death penalty for a crime or offence