Religious reformers & conservatives

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  • Created by: Lily
  • Created on: 22-05-13 00:29

Humanism

  • "revist the original biblical texts to establish a purer religion"
  • Basic principles of the Catholic faith
  • Did not challenge belief, challenged the practices
  • Thomas More - Utopia
  • Erasmus, Henry VIII, Catherine of Aragon
  • Growth of the printing press allowed the spread of the original bible
  • Humanists supported this "new learning"
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Lollardy

  • "talking rubbish" - seen as heretics
  • Questioned the role of priests
  • Christianity shouldn't be based in the Bible
  • God was an individual gift - didnt need a priest to intervene e.g confession
  • Rejected transubstantiation
  • The Bible should be open to interpretation
  • Bible in English rather than Latin to allow everyone to have a copy
  • Attracted members of the nobility and gentry - "dangerous"
  • Majority craftsmen and merchants
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Lutherans

  • Based on the ideas of Martin Luther
  • "take the church back to its roots"
  • Indulgences = corrupt
  • Devotion to faith > good works = benefit for the soul/salvation
  • Faith was the gift of God to the individual
  • Bible Translation into a language people could understand
  • Branded a heretic and excommunicated by the Pope
  • Very small minority
  • None of the nobility/gentry would support them
  • Thomas Cramner & Thomas Cromwell influenced
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Believers in royal supremacy

  • Challenged the roles & relationships of the Church and the monarchy
  • John Wycliff, William Tyndale, Martin Luther
  • Pope/Church lacked the power to enforce Church laws without royal assent
  • Church should have a regard for state laws
  • Sin to oppose the Kings power
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Religious Conservatives

  • Protect Catholic beliefs/practices from Protestant ideas
  • Thomas More - stressed the importance of a strict hierarchy, all challenges to the existing hierarchy were "dangerous, greatest danger was "heretics". Needed to maintain the unity of Christendom.
  • Luther & Tyndales = threats
  • Those who preached/published ideas which rejected the Catholic Church should be forced to renounce their views or die.
  • Carthusians & Observant Franciscan Friars = were supporters of this
  • Henry VIII supported his friend, More.
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The Aragonese Faction

  • Faction - informal groups within the Tudor court which had a single focus/cause (interest groups)
  • Aragonese Faction - centered around the position of Catherine of Aragon and the protection and loyalty of the Catholic Faith.
  • Developed opposition to the power and influence of Cardinal Wolsey
  • Thomas More & Bishop Fisher = loose connection
  • Lord Darcy, Lord Hussey, Sir Nicholas Carew, Sir Henry Guilford
  • Silenced by the execution of its key supporters
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