What is prejudice?
Prejudice is a bias, favoring or opposing something based on personal opinion or feelings. It means to "pre-judge" or make an assumption beforehand without any knowledge, factual reason, or objective consideration. It is often a synonym for racism, or discrimination against those of a certain race or ethnic background.
What is discrimination?
Discrimination is the prejudicial treatment of an individual based on their membership - or perceived membership - in a certain group or category. It involves the actual behaviors towards groups such as excluding or restricting members of one group from opportunities that are available to another group. It involves excluding or restricting members of one group from opportunities that are available to other groups.
What is sexism?
Sexism, also known as gender discrimination or sex discrimination, is defined as prejudice or discrimination based on sex; or conditions or attitudes that foster stereotypes of social roles based on sex. Sexism is a form of discrimination or devaluation based on a person's sex, with such attitudes being based on beliefs in traditional stereotypes of different roles of the sexes.
What are the first two articles of the UN Declarat
Article 1: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Article 2: Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
Define the keywords: Equality, Harmony, Justice, P
Equality - where everyone has the same value and importance
Harmony - to live peacefully with understanding and respect
Justice - to treat people fairly
Positive Discrimination - benefits given to those who usually face negative discrimination
Tolerance - to accept people's differences
Multiculturalism - racial/social harmony brought about by having many cultures within society who understand and accept each other
Minority Rights - small groups within society are called 'minority groups'; laws exist to give these groups protection and rights because they are often discriminated against by larger groups
Identify 5 types of prejudice and give an example
Racism - calling someone names because of their colour
Sexism - refusing someone a job because of their gender
Ageism - refusing to listen to someone's opinion because of their age
Homophobia - someone being attacked because the attacker thinks they are gay
Religious Prejudice - killing people of a certain faith because of what they believe
Identify 5 causes of prejudice
Upbringing - parents' attitudes against a certain group are also believed by their children, so that they will behave in the same way as their parents against the same certain group
Bad experience - a bad experience with someone from a certain group may affect a person's attitudes to others in the same group, leading to the belief, 'They are all like that
Media - biased coverage of an event may make someone form prejudiced attitudes and apply it to the entire group because of that biased coverage
Ignorance - judging someone in a group without getting to know them
Scapegoating - blaming others as an excuse for a problem
Name 3 famous individuals and what they have achie
1. Martin Luther King Jr. - Leader of the US Civil Rights Movement, due to his actions, segregation is illegal in the USA, there are equal civil rights for blacks and whites, all black Americans have voting rights and equality across every aspect of society as well as protection under the law.
2. Mohandas K. Gandhi - Led a movement against the British Empire for Indian Independence in the 1930's and 1940's, due to his actions, in 1947 the British rule in India ended and the country gained independence.
3. Archbishop Desmond Tutu - A South African black archbishop, he fought against the apartheid system of segregation and disabled it, his work in South Africa led to fielding international sports teams which included people of all races
Hinduism - Hinduism teaches that men and women are of equal worth, but have different roles and responsibilities because they have different dharmas to follow.
Islam - Islam also teaches that men and women are equal in the sight of Allah. They are individually accountable for their actions, and will be judged equally by Allah.
Christianity - Women should remain silent in the churches. They are not allowed to speak, but must be in submission, as the Law says. If they want to enquire about something, they should ask their own husbands at home; for it is disgraceful for a woman to speak in the church.
Judaism - The Tenakh (Jewish Bible) and the Talmud (Mishnah and Gemara collected together) describe different roles for men and women.
Sikhism - Sikh women have equal rights to men because Waheguru is neither male nor female.