Reasons for Appeasement

KU + A

KU - 1933 East Fulham by-election saw C.decrease from 14,000 majority to 5,000  L. majority

A - election result indication voters becoming strong pacifist's. proving war would cause serious repercussions.

KU - League of Nations 'Peace Ballot' 1935 - internal demilitarisation supported by 11million Brits.

A - peace ballot endorsed by so many government couldn't ignore

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British Unwilling to fight

KU - 1933 East Fullham by-election saw C. decrease from 14,000 majrity to 5,000 L. majority

A - election result indication voters becoming strong pacifists. proving war would cause serious repercussions

KU - League of Nations 'Pecae Ballot' 1935 - internal demilitarisation supported by 11million Brits.

A - peace ballot endorsed by so many government couldn't ignore

BAL - One - appeasement seemed reasonable solution

         Other - few spoke out against it inc. C. Churchill, Eden + L. Shinwell, Bevon

                   (this reduces importance of factor)

REL SIG - British opporition...  Results of 1933 by-election + other notions against war (e.g. 1935 Peace Ballot), made it clear Brits wanted peace.

Most important.... [ link to factor in Q ]

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Lack of Foreign Support

KU - Frnce + Russia -little support, unstable. France- politically unstable, communist Russia greater threat than fascism. Chamberlain of France "She can never keep a secret for more than half an hour or a government for more than nine months"

A - proves Britain lad little back-up

KU - League of Nations - no army, Russia and Germany not allowed, USA declined

A - proves League was weak + couldn't cope with international tensions

BAL - possible BAL factor.. although League struggled, successful in 1920's when minor European conflicts resolved + slavery + refugee crisis.

REL SIG - highly sig... No countries outside Emprie willing to fight, iscolation Britain, making her an easy target = Appeasement. 

League failed in tackling major international issues, therefore, public fear...more...

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British Empire couldn't handle another World War

KU - Imperial Prime Ministers' Conference 1937, Chamberlain (British PM) informed S.Africa + Australia won't fight.

A - sows reluctance of coutries, perhaps mindful of lives lost in WW1

KU - British economy horrified by WW1 -lost export markets + increased debt >£7billion

A - Brits unsuportive of funds spent on military rather than unemployment + poverty.

BAL - BAL pt is - had empire + allies supported each other in 1930's may have damaged Hitlers' reputation among army Generals (already weary of Rhineland re-militarisation

REL SIG - incredibly sig... without allies support, Britain fail in war against Germany, Italy + Japan.

Less imp...public fear.. policy already considered before 1937 conference, result of Brits opporition to war

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Germanys demands were 'Reasonable'

KU - many felt mistreated - Paris Peace settlement 1919 it was natural reaction to make amends for consiquences of war. Treaty of... decisions fuelled by bitternes and anger after war

A - helped many favour compromise

KU - German politics evolving + drastic changes after 1918. coalition government replaced by Nazis

A - questioned why Nazis shouldn't be given chance to prove accusations + sort out Germany

BAL - One - majority public + politicians supported

          Other - some inc. Churchill challenged those who said demands were 'resonable' - he concerned Hitler strive for more

REL SIG - politicians felt granting Hitlers' requests settle tension, avoid conflics. Hitlers nature forgotten - Hitler making greater demands.

Not as import... public fear... Brits reluctance, politicians seeked appeasement to calm tensions

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