Appeasement and the Road to War (Notes)

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  • APPEASEMENT AND THE ROAD TO WAR
    • ECONOMIC DIFFICULTIES AFTER 1929
      • Germany may not have been in such economic difficulties if it had not been for the peace settlement- reparations sent them into economic decline innitialy
      • Germany's economy was improving due to building works the Nazis introduced in the 1930s- more land for its people and expanding the Aryan race
      • Italy did not have such poor economic difficulties as Germany
    • WEAKNESS OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS
      • If the US was present and properly joined, the league of nations may have been more successful- US had declined in power after 1929 due to Wall Street crash. How influential were they now?
    • FASCIST IDEOLOGY
      • USSR still quite militant and was invading other countries in the 1920s. They are communists.
      • Due to fascist beleifs they wanted power and land for their people and to gain back what they felt was theirs, which was taken from them during the Peace Settlement in 1929
    • BRITISH POLICY OF APPEASEMENT
      • Even is they did not use the policy of appeasement, they were not in the position to react to aggressive foreign policy anyway (weak military, France politically unstable, people against war).
    • PARIS PEACE SETTLEMENT
      • Wilson's Fourteen Points - Countries would have been treated equally
        • WILSON'S 14 POINTS
          • Open diplomacy (no secret treaties)
          • Evacuation and restoration of French territories
          • Readjustment of Italian frontiers
          • Freedom of the seas
          • Equality of trade conditions (free trade)
          • Autonomy (self-governed) for the people of Austria-Hungary
          • Reduced armaments (military) from all countries
          • Independence for the people in the Turkish Empire
          • Impartial adjustments of the colonies
          • Self-determination for the people in the Turkish Empire
          • Evacuation of Russian territory
          • Independence for Poland
          • Evacuation and restoration of Belgian territories
          • A League of Nations to settle disputes
      • Wiemar Government still accepted the settlement, suggesting that they initially thought they could work with it
      • Italy got some land- were totally excluded from the re-distribution of territory
    • KEY PEOPLE
      • David Loyd George
        • British Prime Minister, 1916-1922. Believed to have started the appeasement policy at Versailles, during the Paris Peace Conference.
      • Woodrow Wilson
        • US  President, 1913-1921. Wished for a fair peace treaty to avoid another global conflict
      • Neville chamberlain
        • British Prime Minister, 1937-1940. Critic of appeasement and fascism in the 1930s
      • Winston Churchill
        • British Prime Minister, 1940-1945. Critic of appeasement and fascism in the 1930s
      • Adolf Hitler
        • Leader of Nazi Germany, 1933-1945. Fascist ideology.
      • Benito Mussolini
        • Leader of fascist Italy, 1929-1945 (Prime Minister, 1922-1925). Fascist Ideology
  • George  Clemenceau
    • French Prime Minister, 1917-1921. Wished for a fair peace treaty to avoid another global conflict
    • KEY PEOPLE
      • David Loyd George
        • British Prime Minister, 1916-1922. Believed to have started the appeasement policy at Versailles, during the Paris Peace Conference.
      • Woodrow Wilson
        • US  President, 1913-1921. Wished for a fair peace treaty to avoid another global conflict
      • Neville chamberlain
        • British Prime Minister, 1937-1940. Critic of appeasement and fascism in the 1930s
      • Winston Churchill
        • British Prime Minister, 1940-1945. Critic of appeasement and fascism in the 1930s
      • Adolf Hitler
        • Leader of Nazi Germany, 1933-1945. Fascist ideology.
      • Benito Mussolini
        • Leader of fascist Italy, 1929-1945 (Prime Minister, 1922-1925). Fascist Ideology

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