Realism/Naturalism

HideShow resource information

Introduction

1810 - 1893

Kleist

and

Ebner-Eschenbach (1830 - 1916) - Austro-Hungarian Empire

1 of 12

19th Century

  • Germany shift from rural to industrial society
  • industrialisation
  • urbanisation
  • prolatarianisation
  • Post-Napoleonic period 1815 onwards
  • 1830 - revolutions - conservative reinforce position
  • 1860s and 70s - Prussian influence

Nationalist tendancies

March 1848 revolution - watershed for how we talk about period. 

  • 1815 - 1848  --- Vormärz   ---- Biedermeir - bourgeois middle-class German values, heavy furniture, family centred, idealistic, sentimental
  • Nachmärz --- realism
2 of 12

Realism

Paradoxes of realism:

  • relationship between art and reality
  • artistic movement in Europe in second half of Century

Realism is art:

  • liberal, middle-class
  • aware of social under-class and socio-economic misery
  • Social Darwinism
  • period of empire
  • classification, intellectual hierarchy
  • physical laws of cause and effect
  • imperical science 

Use literary texts like an experiment

Germans - poetic realism 

3 of 12

Ohne Liebe

  • normally 3 people involved
  • never simple
  • wrong person first, then right person

Absolutely classic love story which bears title 'Ohne Liebe' because not married for love but rather for sympathy and friendship 

Too much love / indulgence - negative influence on behaviour of people especially children

Central female character in charge

Importance of set:

  • each character = important social types
  • Rüdiger - unsuitable suitor - bourgeois, not self-aware, loses countenance
  • Marko - down to earth, worked on estate, authority from living in real world
4 of 12

The Novella

  • restricted
  • turning point
  • central symbol
  • conflict
  • drama
  • realistic
  • imaginable
  • concentrated special
  • language 
5 of 12

Central Symbol in Ohne Liebe

Love 

Positives and negatives of love

What love can do 

6 of 12

Restriction in Ohne Liebe

  • one place
  • one day
  • not many people
  • classical unities
  • one plot 
7 of 12

Turning Point in Ohne Liebe

  • Gräfin and the child
  • The childs arrival
8 of 12

Conflict in Ohne Liebe

  • Rüdiger wants to marry Emma but she does not want to marry him
  • Emma and Gräfin - who she wants to marry
  • Gräfin and Rüdiger - over the child
  • Rüdiger and Marko - over Emma 

In each scene there is a particular battle 

9 of 12

Drama in Ohne Liebe

  • understand the whole play for staging and gestures without needing discourse
  • play 
10 of 12

Unerhört, Realism and Careful Construction

Unerhört

  • behaviour of woman (Emma)
  • independant (majorly revolutionary)
  • choosing husband
  • no parents especially father 

Realism

  • spoilt child of grandmother
  • social family environment

Carefully constructed

  • symbolic meaning in speech and expression 
11 of 12

Ohne Liebe

Does all the things a Novelle should do but in a dramatic way

Ohne Liebe forces you to understand what is behind each gesture and what is happening on stage 

12 of 12

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar German resources:

See all German resources »See all Foundations of German Studies resources »