An anxiety disorder where suffers experience persistant, intrusive thoughts occuring in obsessions, complusions or both.
Obesessions: What people think
Compulsions: Actions that result in obsessions.
Example of Obsessions: Convinced germs are everywhere which lead to extream anxiety.
Example of Compulsions: Uncontrollable urges to repeatedly perform tasks and behaviours such as washing hands to remove germs.
- Excessive repetitive behaviours to reduce anxiety (hand washing, cleaning or checking).
- Counting, tapping or repeating certain words to reduce anxiety
- Spending a lot of time washing, cleaning or checking
- Demanding reassurances
- Excesive double checking of things (checking locks, appliences and swicthes)
- Repeatedly checking family and friends
- Spending lots of time making sure 'things are just so'
- Distress and anxiety about being prevented from performing rituals
- Overwhelming fear of being contaminated or fear causing harm to themselves or others
- Intense distress when objects are not orderly or facing the right way
- Doubts having checked/performed compulsions
- Depression- low mood and lack of enjoyment
- Irrational guilt and disgust
- Obsessive, irrational and innapropriate thoughts/images e.g worries of being contaminated by dirt and germs
- Catastrophic thinking
- Performing mental acts such as praying or counting
- Tendancy to overestimate the liklihood of danger
- Hypervigilant- maintain constant alertness ad attention focused on hazards
- Is an anxiety disorder
- Obsessions (which are internal intrusive cognitive thoughts) lead to complusions ( which are external behavioural actions)
- OCD affects 2-2.5% of the population, male and female both affected equally
- A person must feel driven to perform these complusions on most days for a period of two weeks or more.