Is Dreaming meaningful? : Blal Freud, dream theory
Freud thought that a large part of the mind was inaccessible and hidden from conscious thoughts, therefore he called it our unconscious mind.
The conscious mind is what we are aware of and what we can remember, discus and deal with. Some of what is in the unconscious mind is repressed to help forget problems so we do not have to deal with them.
Repression means something is being pushed into the unconscious mind but not deliberately, this means that a person can be repressing dark secrets without realising!
Freud's focus on sexual thoughts
When Freud spoke about the unconscious he often talked about how sexual issues and fantasies are repressed, this was controversial at the time as talk of sexual things was frowned upon by society.
Freud also said that our uncosious thoughts wishes and desires guide alot of our behaviour as aproximatly 90% of our thinking is of this type.
Features of dreams
According to Freud dreams have:
Manifest content; This is the story of the dream that the dreamer tells
Latent content; This is the hidden content of the dream/ underlying meaning7
The latent content is what is hiding behind the manifest content, it just needs to be 'unpicked' and deciphered.
Condensation, Displacement and secondary elaborati
- Condensation: Many ideas appearing as one idea in a dream The separate elements are crucial to uncovering repressed material, so that one idea needs to be unpicked.
- Displacement: Something unimportant that seems to be important, in order to shift attention from what is really important.
- Secondary elaboration: Using mudled ideas from dreamwork to build a whole story, the dreamer will add bits in to try and make the dream make sense to the listener.
Biology of the eye
- Cornea - The Cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris and pupil
- Blind spot - Also known as a scotoma, is an obscuration of the visual field. This is located where the optic nerve passes into the eye.
- Optic nerve - The optic nerve, also called cranial nerve 2, transmits visual information from the retina to the brain.
- Retena - The vertebrate retina is a light-sensitive tissue lining the inner surface of the eye.