Why did the ‘Prague spring’ happen?
•People didn’t have many freedoms
•People could only vote communist
•They were not allowed to criticise the government
•Bad living standards
•Poor quality housing and a lack of things like fridges and cookers
What was the ‘Prague spring’?
•Alexander Dubcek wanted reforms “socialism with a human face”
•The reforms were:
•Less press censorship
•Allowing opposition groups
•Allowing some criticism of government
•Economic reform “market socialism” allowing small businesses to be set up
•The soviets were horrified
•Young people and writers liked the reforms but older people didn’t
•Dubcek wanted to remain an allies with the USSR “Warsaw pact” and didn’t want to damage relations
How did the soviets respond?
•Brezhnev (soviet union leader) tried to get him to stop but he wouldn’t
•Brezhnev feared others would do the same and damage the soviets power
•Brezhnev created the Brezhnev Doctrine which stated that they were allowed to invade any country (in the eastern bloc) that threatened the security of the USSR.
•Invaded and stopped the ‘Prague spring’
•Dubcek was forced to sign the ‘Moscow protocol’ this stopped the ‘Prague spring’