Political Parties

Here are some excellant summary notes on Political Parties.

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  • Created by: Kimmy365
  • Created on: 13-12-08 23:39

Define Political Party

A Political Party:

  • is a group of people organised for the purpose of gaining political power
  • puts candidates up for election
  • has a broad issue focus that addresses all major areas of government policy
  • members are united by shared political beliefs and ideological identity
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What is a Manifesto?

What is a Manifesto?

  • A pamphlet that outlines the policies/programme of a political party should they be elected into power
  • party is not obliged to complete the ideas in a manifesto, however it would be political suicide as the party would lose votes in the next election.
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What is a Mandate?

What is a Mandate?

  • Instruction or command that gives authority to a person or body of people to act in a particular way
  • when a political party is elected, they have a mandate to make decisions as representatives of the electorate
  • 'Popular mandate' means that the governing Party has the authority to carry out all of the policies from their manifesto
  • Electorate don't vote for liking all of a Parties policies so it is a poor representation of the voters
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What is Consensus Politics?

What is Consensus Politics?

  • Where two or more main political parties are in general agreement on policies
  • Tends to exist under Proportional Representational Systems where parties find themselves power sharing in a coalition governments or a minority government
  • There is a general consensus over privatisation and private public partnerships.
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What is Adversarial Politics?

What is Adversarial Politics?

  • A system where only one party holds power and the opposition generally opposes or disagrees with the government where ever possible
  • This can lead to damaging effects on UK politics as Policies will not pass through the House of Commons
  • Tends to occur in First Past The Post systems where the voting systems encourages a majoritarian result
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