Political Parties

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  • Created by: Byoung
  • Created on: 28-05-15 11:51

Roles and Functions

  • Representation - of membership and society
  • Recruitment - provide people to be MP's and front benchers
  • Participation - by joining a party, people are more involved in politics
  • Governing - provide country with leadership
  • Policy formulation - party ideas (manifesto) put into operation
  • Electoral - put forward and support candidates at election times
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Representation

Ethnic minorities - 12.9%

Con - 5.1%

Lab - 9.4%

Women - 51%

Con - 20%

Lab - 42%

Significant improvement in representation since 2010 but still not good enough.

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Recruitment

career politicians - lack of experience in the real world as they go straight into politics.

could have poor amount of training for running major government departments.

e.g George Osbourne never run company or held serious position before he became Chancellor of the exchequer

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Participation

ever decreasing membership of political parties and increased membership of pressure groups and protest movements.

Con - 1950 = 3million - 150000 = 2010

Lab - 1950 = 1 million - 190000 = 2010

sleaze and MP's expenses created aura of mistrust about the political party

feeling that being a member of a party will not achieve anything

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Governing

give stability and clarity in government to provide a sirection for the country to go.

decline in party unity since 1920's with increasing amount of backbench rebellions under the coalition government 

smaller majorities mean government cant pass all of the laws that they want e.g Cameron 2015 with majority of 12

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Policy Formulation

gives electorate realistic choice of policies which are achieveable and realistic

in recent years, parties are becoming more centralised with a lack of ideology so there is no significant difference between the twom major parties

policy follows public opinion instead of trying to change it with ideological arguments

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