What is the Role of Peer Review?
Peer Review has three functions
1- Allocation of research funding: How relevant is the research? Can it help us at all and will it be a worthwhile investment?
2- Publication and research in scientific journals: Its used as a means to prevent incorrect or irrelevant data being published and entering the public domain.
3- Assessing the research rating of university departments: It is important as a university's future funding can be effected by the quality of the research so a review of the research is needed to maintain standards and secure future funding.
Conventional Layout of a Journal Article
A.I.M.R.D.R Angel Is Mad Really Daddy Really
Abstract: A summary of the study covering the aims, hypothosis, method, procedures, results and conclusion.
Introduction: What the researchers intended to investigate including a review of prior studies done into the topic. Based on this a hypothesis is made, One Tailed if studies have been done before, Two Tailed if its a new study
Method: A detailed description of what the researchers did providing enough information so it can be replicated including information on the sample, testing environment, brief and debrief.
Results: Showing the results usually using inferential statistical methods
Discussion: Explanations are speculated of the behaviours observed and implications of the research in the future are explored
References: The full details of any journal articles or books mentioned or used.
Issues with Peer Review
- Hard to find an expert in the field you are studying to review your work therefore they may not fully understand it
- Most peer review is anonymous which can be good as they can be objective however this means that some may use it to rival somebody
- Publication Bias: Peer review can have editors favour positive studies so as to increase social standing of their journal
- New universities have a problem with submitting research.