- There are three main body types:
- Ectomorph - narrow shoulders and hips, thin face, small amount of body fat.
- Mesomorph - (wedge) broad shoulders, narrow hips, square head.
- Endomorph - lot's of body fat, narrow shoulders, wide hips, large head.
- To have a healthy diet, you must eat a balance of every type of food.
- However, someone who plays a lot of sport might eat an overload of carbs before the race/ game/ event to store up energy.
- Then, during the event they might eat sugary foods and drinks for quick bursts of energy.
Principles of Training
Aspects of Training
- Continuous; any type of training that keeps the heart rate high over a sustained period of time.
- Interval; training that involves periods of work and periods of rest.
- Fartlek; form of interval training that can include walking, jogging and sprinting.
- Weights; used to improve muscular strength.
- Circuits; involves completing a variety of stations in a certain time that work on different parts of the body.
Components of Fitness
- Speed; the ability to move all parts of the body as quickly as possible.
- Strength; the ability to bear weight.
- Suppleness; refers to the amount of movement around the joint.
- Stamina; the ability of the heart and lungs to keep operating during an endurance event.
- Somatotype; how the person is built often means they are more suited to a particular type of sport.
- Power; combination of the maximum amount of speed with the maximum amount of strength.
Rest - continued use of the damaged muscle will not make it any better.
Ice - will reduce swelling and pain.
Compress - will provide support for the damaged area.
Elevate - decrease circulation and enable blood and other fluids that may cause swelling the drain away.
Introvert - someone who is quite shy and quiet may be more suited to individual sports such as running or swimming.
Extrovert - someone who is louder and more outgoing may be suited to team sports such as netball or football.