Revision for mock exam.

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Body Type

  • There are three main body types:
  • Ectomorph - narrow shoulders and hips, thin face, small amount of body fat.
  • Mesomorph - (wedge) broad shoulders, narrow hips, square head.
  • Endomorph - lot's of body fat, narrow shoulders, wide hips, large head.


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  • To have a healthy diet, you must eat a balance of every type of food. 
  • However, someone who plays a lot of sport might eat an overload of carbs before the race/ game/ event to store up energy.
  • Then, during the event they might eat sugary foods and drinks for quick bursts of energy.


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Principles of Training



Overload                   Frequency           

Reversibility               Intensity

Tedium                     Time

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Aspects of Training

  • Continuous; any type of training that keeps the heart rate high over a sustained period of time.
  • Interval; training that involves periods of work and periods of rest.
  • Fartlek; form of interval training that can include walking, jogging and sprinting.
  • Weights; used to improve muscular strength.
  • Circuits; involves completing a variety of stations in a certain time that work on different parts of the body.
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Components of Fitness

  • Speed; the ability to move all parts of the body as quickly as possible.
  • Strength; the ability to bear weight.
  • Suppleness; refers to the amount of movement around the joint.
  • Stamina; the ability of the heart and lungs to keep operating during an endurance event.
  • Somatotype; how the person is built often means they are more suited to a particular type of sport.
  • Power; combination of the maximum amount of speed with the maximum amount of strength.
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Rest - continued use of the damaged muscle will not make it any better.

Ice - will reduce swelling and pain.

Compress - will provide support for the damaged area.

Elevate - decrease circulation and enable blood and other fluids that may cause                   swelling the drain away.

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Introvert - someone who is quite shy and quiet may be more suited to individual sports such as running or swimming.

Extrovert - someone who is louder and more outgoing may be suited to team sports such as netball or football.

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