Proper: A name used for an individual person, place, or organisation, spelled with an initial capital letter.

Common: A noun denoting a class of objects or a concept as opposed to a paricular individual.

Concrete: A noun which can be identified through the five senses. 

Abstract: A noun denoting an idead, quality, or state rather than a concrete object

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Dynamic: (can be referred to as action verbs) usually used when describing actions we can take, or things that happen.

Passive: the subject is acted upon by the verb.

Modal auxiliary: used to indicate likelihood, ability, permission, etc. E.g. can, could, should, would, will, must, etc.

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Personal: each of the pronouns in the English language, that portray contrasts of person, gender, number, and case. E.g. his, her, they, etc.

Possessive: a pronoun indicating possession. E.g. mine, yours, theirs, hers, etc.

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Base: normal adjectives that don't have the idea of 'very'. E.g. nice

Comparative: adjectives ending in '-er'. E.g. nicer

Superlative: adjectives ending in '-est. E.g. nicest

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