Proper: A name used for an individual person, place, or organisation, spelled with an initial capital letter.
Common: A noun denoting a class of objects or a concept as opposed to a paricular individual.
Concrete: A noun which can be identified through the five senses.
Abstract: A noun denoting an idead, quality, or state rather than a concrete object
Dynamic: (can be referred to as action verbs) usually used when describing actions we can take, or things that happen.
Passive: the subject is acted upon by the verb.
Modal auxiliary: used to indicate likelihood, ability, permission, etc. E.g. can, could, should, would, will, must, etc.
Personal: each of the pronouns in the English language, that portray contrasts of person, gender, number, and case. E.g. his, her, they, etc.
Possessive: a pronoun indicating possession. E.g. mine, yours, theirs, hers, etc.
Base: normal adjectives that don't have the idea of 'very'. E.g. nice
Comparative: adjectives ending in '-er'. E.g. nicer
Superlative: adjectives ending in '-est. E.g. nicest