Mussolini's Italy (1925-1943)

Mussolini's rise to power, consoliation, foreign and domestic policies and decline.

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Stages of development of Mussolini's government 19

Stage 1: Consolidation of Mussolini's Government 1922-1924:

  • Exercised strong government, within the existing system
  • Dissapointed the hopes of Radicals for a full facist revolution

Stage 2: The Creation of dictatorship 1925-1927:

  • Mussolini set up his own dictatorship as Duce, rather than giving power to the facist party.

Stage 3: Consensus: The development of the corporative state 1929-1935:

  • He gained great popularity as a result of an agreement with the church
  • Claimed his new corporative state was the ideal form of government

Stage 4: Radicalisation and decline 1936 -1945:

  • He adopted more radical domestic and foreign policies
  • Failure in war from 1940 increased discontent and lead to his eventual overthrow  in 1943.
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Mussolini's posts in Italian Parliament

  • Head of government (1922-1943)
  • Foreign Minister (1922-29, 1932-36, 1943)
  • Interior Minister ( 1922-1924)
  • Minister for colonies (1924, 1928-29, 1935-36, 1937-39)
  • Minister for war ( 1925-29, 1933-43)
  • Minister for navy ( 1925-29, 1933-43)
  • Minister for the Airforce ( 1925-29, 1933-43)
  • Minister for public works (1929)
  • Minister for corporations ( 1926-29, 1932-36)
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