Popular dance of 18th century.
Popular in Germany and Austria.
Danced in pairs.
Dance Halls or Ballrooms.
3/4 time signature.
Root, 3rd and 5th chord used to creats 'oom pah pah' feel.
Majority in Ternery form. (A, B, A)
Short intro and coda.
Shubert, Chopin and Strauss were all early composers.
Smooth and Flowing.
Regular, 4 bar balanced phrases.
Simple Waltzes are often in Binary form (AABB)
Written for orchestra.
Ballets and Operas.
Written for the piano.
Late 19th Century.
Styles are from Africa, Cuba and Europe.
Spread to Europe in 20th Century.
Composers- Roberto Firpo, Astor Piazzolla, Francisco Canaro.
Hold close, walking steps, upper body is upright, fast jerky movements, head snaps, woman makes fast kicks and intertwines elgs with partner.
2/4 or 4/4
Lively and used for dancing.
Combo of Cuban son and other Latin American styles.
Formed in slave trade in America.
Repeated pattern played by claves.
More patterns added on other instruments.
Cross rhythms and are often syncopated.
Call and response is a key feature.
Bongos, Claves, Guiro
American Line Dancing
Popular in 1970's and 80's.
Performed to country and western music.
Danced in clubs and halls.
Performers- The carter family, Hank Williams, Johnny Cash.
Stand in lines.
All face same direction.
Men and women in any order.
Perform same steps.
Don't touch eachother.
American Line Dancing Continued.
Ballad style songs.
Single melody line.
Melodies are often repetive.
Instruments- Drums, Guitar, Steel Guitar, Violin, Banjo, Harmonica, Accordian.
Irish Jig and Reel
Folk Dnce from Ireland.
Fast and Energetic, hops, kicks, jumps and crossing over of legs.
Upper body straight, arms by side.
Reels in soft shoes, Jigs in soft shoes but 'hard jigs' are danced in hard shoes.
Jig- 6/8, 9/8, 12/8 compund time.
Reel- 4/4, 2/4, 2/2
Instruments- Harp, Fiddle, Flute, Tin Whistle, Accordian, Pipes, Bodhran.
Form a line, circle or rows.
Little or no physical contact.
Energetic hops, steps and leads,
Strong up and down arm action.
Perform with sticks.
Punjab is origin, Birmingham is where it was modernised.
Dhol drum plays 'Chal' rhythm.
Used to celebrate Harvest.
Used in clubs and at Asian Weddings.
4/4 time signature.
Crochet beat into three (triple quavers)
Fast tempo 140bpm-180bpm.
Vocal melodies have small range.
Singers- Alaap, Malkint Singh, Punjabi MC
Instruments- Sitar, Tabla, Harmonium.
Origin is Chicago in 1980;s.
Features took from Disco and 4/4 beat made deeper and stronger.
Dub, Jazz and Synthpop motifs were layered over the bass using various technologies.
1980's and 90's club dance became more popular.
Raves became popular underground.
House, Techno, Jungle, Drum n Bass, UK GARAGE, Trance and Ambient.
Mixing, Scratching, Sampling, Looping, Digital effects.
Intro, Verse, Chorus, Outro.
Dance music is always built up.
Indivdiual or in a group.
Small walking steps.
Hips and shoulder twisting.