An in interval is the distnace in pitch between two notes.
The smallest interval is a semitone for example C to C#
A musical phrase is a short musical passage.
It is like a spoken sentence.
You can hear a 'breath' at the end of a phrase.
- Where a melody in one part is repeated again, later.
- It overlaps themelody in the first part.
- Useful as a textural device.
- Sometimes imitations contain slight changes such as:
1. Changing the octave
2. Adding ornaments
3. Playing the notes f different duration.
Riff. Ostinato. Loop.
A riff, ostinato or loop are repeated pattern of notes.
Ostinatos - classical music, being a repeating pattern of notes or rhythms.
Riff - Pop music, being a recognisiable pattern of notes.
Loop - Contemporary dance music, being a patteren which appears as a cycle.
A sequence is a pattern of notes which goes up or down in itch every time it is repeated.
Hooks. Fills. Breaks.
A fill is a short flourish used to fill a gap between phrases - often played on drums.
A break is an extended instrumental section in dance music or a solo in pop and jass - usually improvised.
A hook is a short catchy melodic idea ddesigned to be memorable.
Ornaments are decorative notes which embellish a melody:
Formed by quickly playing he note and the note above it alternatively.
Formed by playing the note, the note abve then back to the first note.
A single note ornament such as acciaccatura and appoggiatura:
Played as quickly as possible before the note that follows. Often called a crush note.
Leans on the main note, taking part of its value.