- is a water related disease
- transmitted by female mosquitos
- effects mainly Sub-Saharan Africa eg. Nigeria, Cameroon, Ghana
Symtoms and effects:
- The malaria parasite invades the red blood cells in the persons body, causing them to burst.
- Symptoms include: fever, vomiting, nausea, flu like symptoms, shiveringand eventually death.
- currently no vaccine available to prevent malaria
- drugs to reduce risk of malaria are availble but expensive and mosquitos develop immunity to the drug
- insect repellents
- a simple mosquito net
- various water treatment methods and wells
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- on average 2 million people killed by Malaria each year
- most are children under 5 years old
Effects on development
- Malaria is a result of poverty and a cause of poverty.
- People ill can't work and so economy suffers meaning no profit to buy drugs, mosquito nets etc.
- Malaria is infectious and so infects more and more people meaning even less can work
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