Long profile and Cross profile

The long and Cross profiles of a river including the River Tees example

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Upper long Profile Landfroms

-WATERFALLS- PLUNGE POOLS

-INTERLOCKING SPURS

-GORGES

-V-SHAPED VALLEY

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Middle long Profile Landfroms

-MEANDERS

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Lower long Profile Landfroms

-ESTURARIES

-FLOODPLAINS

-LEVEES

-OX-BOW LAKES

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Upper Cross Profile

-VERY NARROW, SHALLOW CHANNEL

-STEEP-SIDED, DEEP, V SHAPED VALLEY

-RIVER TAKES UP MOST OF THE VALLEY FLOOR

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Middle Cross Profile

-CHANNEL BECOMES WIDER

-MANY RIVERS WILL BE OVER A METRE DEEP

-VALLEY BROADENS OUT 

-NOW HAS A SMALL FLOODPLAIN

-VALLEY SIDES NOT AS STEEP

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Lower Cross Profile

-CHANNEL BECOMES WIDER STILL

-A SAMLL RIVER MAY ONLY BE 5-10 METRES WIDE

-LARGE EXPANSE OF FLAT FLOODPLAIN ON OTHERSIDE OF RIVER

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RIVER TEES - Upper Long Profile

-STONG VERTICAL EROSION

-FORMATIONS OF INTERLOCKING SPURS, WATERFALLS AND GORGES

-RIVER OCCUPIES WHOLE VALLEY FLOOR

-NO LATERAL EROSION

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RIVER TEES - Middle Long Profile

-EORSION + DEPOSITION BEGINNING TO BE BALANCED

-DISCHARGE INCREASES

- RESULTS IN MEANDERS FORMING

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RIVER TEES - Lower Long Profile

-DEPOSITION DOMINANT

-RIVER CHANNEL MOVES FREELY ACROOS FLOODPLAIN

-EXTENDS SIDEWAYS + SEAWARDS FORMING AN ESUTARY

-FORMATION = ETUARIES, OX-BOW LAKES + LEVEES

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