Institutional aggression - Prisons

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Prisons

  • Irwin & Cressey
    • social histories brought into institutions
    • aggression reflects behaviour in society
  • Cheeseman
    • prisons inherit sub-culture from prisoners
  • Kane & Janus - likelihood of aggression
    • young non-white
    • those who come from deprived areas
    • lengthy unemployment
    • low levels of education
  • Convict sub-culture
    • long time - seek power
    • social deprivation prior to prison
  • Straight sub-culture
    • one time offenders
    • identify with officers
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Prisons - Evaluation

  • limited pratical value due to failure to manage prisoners
  • Delisi
    • relationship gang membership and prison aggression
    • gang subcultures imported to prison
  • Poole and Regoli
    • pre-institutional violence best predictor of inmate aggression
    • only examined juveniles
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Deprivation

  • Sykes
    • Liberty
    • Goods and Services
    • Hetrosexual relationships
    • Autonomy
    • Security
  • Bandura
    • students from seperate schools working on a project
    • more comfortable being more aggressive when they were referd to as animals
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Deprivation - Evaluation

  • McCorkle
    • 371 prisoners - little support correlation between violence and overcrowing/living conditions
  • McCorkle
    • level of stress constant throught violence and normal prison life
  • 1994 Rwanda genocide
    • Tutsi reffered to as cockroaches
    • 800,000 killed in 100 days
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