• Created by: IzzyB1
  • Created on: 08-04-19 11:11


  • automation led to larger workshops, mills and factories
  • people moved to the city from the countryside to work in these factories
  • people now have the money to buy goods and serviced - manufacturing has boomed

Industrial revolution

  • steam power - assissted by discovery of how to harness water power to drive machinery
  • invention of steam engine - greater automation
  • start of social and economic change
  • living standards improved

Digital revolution

  • enabled huge changes in industry
  • inprovements in: globalisation, communiucation, productivity, accuracy, proccessing speed
  • cut lots of jobs - simple changes making a massive difference
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Automation and the use of robotics

Advantages of automation in factories

  • consistent, accurate, reliable, productive
  • do jobs people get bored of
  • work all the time

Disadvantages of automation in factories

  • jobs are lost or changed
  • programming machines is difficult#
  • needs maintenance and servicing

CAD (Computer Aided Design)

  • development of designs using specialist software packages
  • detailed analysis and manipulation of the designs can be achieved quickly and accurately
  • this saves valuable time and money
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Automation and the use of robotics (continued)

CAT (Computer Aided Testing)

  • works out very complex tasks:
  • virtual stress testing
  • flow dynamics
  • manufacturability of a product


  • rendering designs to get thier clients' and customers' opinions before sold
  • product innovation - new ideas require considerable investment to make it a success even if it is a really good idea, it can still fail if development and execution is wrong

Barcodes and barcode systems

  • UPC-A - A is the universal product code, it is used in EPOS (Electronic Point of Sale) systems and warehousing, only represents numeric digits
  • Code 128 - used in transport and shipment tracking, represents letters and numbers
  • barcodes inclue stock numbers and restocks when they are empty
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Buildings and the place of work

  • improvements in communication technology allow teams of people to work together remotely
  • software enabling collaborative work allows teams of designers to work on a project at the same time, even from different parts of the world

CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing)

  • project designs sent to machines to be prototyped using CAM techniques

CNC (Computer Numerical Control

  • CAM techniques include:
  • CNC machines such as laser cutters
  • RPT (Rapid Prototyping) machines such as 3D printers

3D Printing

  • produce solid objects
  • intricate hollow artefacts
  • moving parts that work
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Buildings and the place of work (continued)

Advantages of 3D Printing

  • potential to change product development
  • fuels cycle of new ideas, businesses and jobs
  • bioprinting - used to create new living organs
  • successful transplants of skin tissue, livers and joint cartilage

Disadvantages of 3D Printing

  • 3D print file required for all the parts of a working gun was created and distrubuted online
  • security at airports - didn't go off as there is no metal in it
  • injuries occur - didn't work properly
  • workflow is essential to health, safety and efficiency
  • product line must flow logically
  • production time reduced if workflow increased
  • makes the company efficient and profitable
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Low oil supplies and electric vehicles

  • change and development of replacement technologies fuels industries, homes and transport
  • this is due to the depletion of oil
  • new technologies: natural resources, hydrogen power, battery technology
  • the market is expanding rapidly
  • success depends on: national and international charging networks, battery technology and changes in driver mindset
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