- Different Lengths
- Lack of rhyming scheme (a few half rhymes)
- Starts in the past, ends in the present
- Colloquial language used, creates informal, friendly tone
- "bundled off to the skip" "sold for a song"
- Puns and lexical choices associated with music
- "still struck a chord" etc.
- Ironic humour
- Words associated with death
- "too starved of breath" "laid on it's back" "dead weight"
- Personification of the harmonium
- "the fingernails of its keys" "lost its tongue"
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- Metaphors and similies- choir
- "openened their throats and guilded finches...had streamed out"
- "had lost its tongue"
- "pedalled and pedalled" - repetition of both playing an instrument and of time passing
- Harmonium given human qualities- like a member of the church
- The speaker uses parallelism- how a son takes the place of his father as time passes
- Father ages:
- "the next box I'll shoulder through this nave"
- Cyclical nature of life
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