Comparing Relationships In Poems
The Revision Cards - themes, ideas, language, structure and form.
- Nettles by Vernon Scannell
- Sister Maude by Christina Rossetti
- Harmonium by Simon Armitage
- Praise Song For My Mother by Grace Nichols
- Born Yesterday by Philip Larkin
Nettles by Vernon Scannell
You can try to protect the ones you love, but things will always come back to hurt you.
Military, pain, protection, relationships - father, son, anger, hurt, revenge, compensation, violence.
Military imagery - makes the poem more meaningful, precise and powerful. Personification, metaphor, contrast, alliteration, internal rhyme.
One continuous stanza and first and last line symbolise an ongoing cycle - pain is inevitable. Alternate rhyme scheme - marching effect - military. Enjambement, - ends with a full stop (finality/emphasises fury). Iambic pentameter.
Sister Maude by Christina Rossetti
Love, affection, hurt, anger, suffering, protection, religion, betrayal, hatred, death, relationship - family, regality.
Triplets, emotive, juxtaposition, feigned injury, alliteration, rhetorical question, (personal) pronouns, simile.
Ballad - concise and relies on imagery, alternate rhyme scheme, no constant beat but there is still one there - symbolises heartbeat, quatrain, iambic tetrameter/trimeter.
Harmonium by Simon Armitage
Affection, hurt, suffering, protection, religion, death, loss, lack of acceptance, passing of time, comparison between the harmonium and father, relationship - father, son.
Personification, alliteration, figures of speech, double meaning - humorous, puns, repetition.
No constant rhyme scheme, alternate length stanzas (long, short, long, short), lines of similar length.
Praise Song For My Mother by Grace Nichols
Love, protection, relationship - mother, daughter, hope, nature, letting go, symbolically together, reminiscing.
Metaphors, personification, repetition, triplets, pronouns, reminiscing, symbolism.
Short stanzas - first three all of same length, descriptive, captures the essence of the mother, African culture, enjambement, hesistant on last line (",") - mother and daughter blending into one.
Born Yesterday by Philip Larkin
Love, protection, contradiction, wishing, perfection, normality, innocence, purity.
Connotations of perfection, connotation of normality (average), contrast, contradiction, pessimistic yet hopeful.
Two long stanzas - negative and postive, similar number of syllables per line, enjambement continues until the end of each stanza.