Handel's Messiah

Edexcel AoS1

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  • Created by: Abby
  • Created on: 14-05-11 14:52

Baroque Music Features

  • Terraced Dynamics (change suddenly)
  • Short repeted ideas/motifs
  • Simple harmonies (I & V)
  • Ornaments
  • Polyphonic texture
  • Basso Continuo (continous bass chords)
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Instruments

Basso Contiuo:-

  • Mainly Harpsichord (early piano)
  • Also Cello
  • Double Bass
  • Bassoon

 

Other:-

  • Strings
  • Flute
  • Recorder
  • Oboe
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Structures

  • Binary two sections repeated - AABB
  • Ternary like a sandwich - AABBAA
  • Rondo any number of sections often - ABACA
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Oratorios

An Oratorio is a sacred piece of music played in concert halls or churches. Tells a story from the bible to music.

Three types of piece:

  • Aria - solo voice (shows feelings)
  • Recitative - song to tell story
  • Chorus - SATB choir
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Handel

  • George Frideric Handel
  • Born 1685 in Germany
  • Moved to London 1710
  • Died 1759 in London
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Messiah

  • Written in 1741
  • An Oratorio
  • Uses a SATB choir, oboes, bassoons, trumpets, timpani, strings & basso continuo.
  • Three sections - Jesus's Birth - Persicution/Crusification - Ressurection
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Chorus - And the Glory of the Lord

  • First part of Oratorio (birth)
  • Comes after a Tenor Aria and is the first chorus.
  • SATB choir is doubled by orchestra (unison)

Three phrases sung by choir:

  • "And the glory...revealed"
  • "And all flesh...together"
  • "For the mouth...spoken it"

these are all repeated through out.

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Chorus - And the Glory of the Lord

  • Amajor - modulates (changes key) to Emajor twice & Bmajor once
  • Mainly Homophonic - parts polyphonic
  • Allegro (quick & lively)
  • In 3/4 but sounds 2/4 at times (Hemiola)
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Comments

Momina

doesnt seem to have enough information but thanks anyway 

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