- Created by: babyblue18459
- Created on: 13-03-20 12:32
Long term policy since 1790s
- Some Whigs had been calling for moderate reform for years because of the corrupt system that fuelled radical arguments.
- For example Early Grey had previously been part of the Society of the Friends of the People and propsed moderate reform bills during the 1790s.
Outdated Political System
- Whigs believed change was long overdue
- The Industrial Revolution was causing social and economic changes, including the rise of a proprited m/c.
- The political system, dominated by landed u/c was now out of step with new economic and social forces.
- Grey argued that the system was outdated and that any men of property in the m/c should have a say in the running of the country
Avoid dangerous alliance of middle and working cla
- Disenfranchised m/c and l/c were bitter and forming an alliance
- This was dangerous because the m/c had money and the l/c had numbers
- By welcoming the m/c into the franchise, it was hoped that a sweeping revolution would be avoided
- The m/c would join the u/c in a broad property-owning alliance that supported the constituion.
Authority of aristocracy saved
- If m/c were given the vote they would not want to destroy the political system.
- They would rather defend and rally for the aristocratic system.
- This would mean the aristocracy's power and right to govern would be saved by showing it is flexible and adaptive.
Permanent fix to prevent future change
- A moderate reform would end speculation and give a once-only permanent change to end all grounds for any future complaints or changes
Avoid revolution by solving political and economic
- Unrest was increasing and unusually widespread between 1828-30
- Small reform that was manageable would dampen this but repression would risk revolution. Dangerous public unrest would be defused efficiently
Whig Party advantage over Tories
- Many Tories got into Parliament because of the seats in rotten and pocket boroughs. The Whigs wanted to abolish these seats
- A m/c electorate would be grateful to the Whigs and vote for them and give them support
- Making reform appear sweeping may provoke fierce Tory opposition. This would make them unpopular
- Timing: Tory splits between 1828 and 1830 over RCE and parliamentary reform made it a good time to push through change while the Tories were too unorganised to oppose it
Key features of existing system preserved
- Accept that moderate reform must be taken to make the key features of the existing system acceptable, rather than be forced to destroy the system and create a new radical democratic system.
- Allowing moderate reform would be a conservative tactic to avoid extreme radical democracy
- Even Grey was against annual parliaments, universal suffrage and secret ballots - see quote
Remembering these motives
K ey features of exisiting system preserved
O utdated political system
A void a dangerous m/c and w/c alliance
L ong term policy since 1790s
A uthoirty of aristocracy saved
P ermanent fix to prevent future change
A void revolution by solving political and economic unrest
W hig Party advantage over Tories