FIT FO LIFE
aerobic respiration glucose+oxygen~~>carbon dioxde+water+ energy
anaerobic respiration glucose~~> lactic acid+ energy
when lactic acid is produced it collects in the muscles and it casues pain and fatigue
After excercise heart rate and breathing take time to return to normal. The fitter someone is the faster they turn to normal.
Cardio-vascular efficiency, strenght, stamina, agility, speed and flexabilty are ways of measuring fitness.
Blood pressure has 2 measurments:
-systolic pressure is the maximum pressure the heart produces
-diastolic pressure is the blood pressure between heart beats
high blood pressure would increas the risk of blood vessals bursting and brain damage, stokes and kidney damage.
low blood pressure can cause problems such as poor circulation, dizziness and fainting
Mosquitoes are called vectors and carry nad carry microorganisims that cause malaria. Knowlegde of a vector's life cycle is useful in preventing the spread of disease. The mosquito larva (young stage) lives in water. Draining stagnant water kills them. Spraying insecticide can kill the adult mosquito.
-Benign tumuor cells, are slow to divide and harmless
-Malignant tumuors are caner cells, which divide out of control and spread around the body.
Active immunity happens when a pathogen ivades the body a second time. The white blood cells recognise it and make antibodies quickly destroying the pathogen before the symptoms occour. Can last a lifetime.
passive immunty only last a short timeand you are given antibodies ina vaccine.
keeping in touch
Binocular vision helps us to judge the distance because the range from 2 eyes overlap. However, it only gives a small range of vision compared to monocular vision.
PartDescriptionFunction Cornea Front part of the tough outer coat, the sclera. It is convex and transparent. refracts light - bends it as it enters the eye
Pigmented - decides the colour of your eyes - so light cannot pass through. Its muscles contract and relax to alter the size of its central hole or pupil. controls how much light enters the pupil
Transparent, bi-convex, flexible disc behind the iris attached by the suspensory ligaments to the ciliary muscles. focuses light onto the retina Retina The lining of the back of eye containing two types of photoreceptor cells - rods - sensitive to dim light and black and white - and cones - sensitive to colour. A small area called the fovea in the middle of the retina has many more cones than rods. contains the light receptors Opticnerve Bundle of sensory neurones at back of eye. carries impulses from the eye to the brain
Because our eyes sit side by side, each eye captures a slightly different view. This is called stereoscopic vision. When signals from the two eyes reach the brain, they are superimposed and processed into a single picture with depth. As a result, we get a 3D picture and are able to judge distances well.
Most birds and lizards have monocular vision - their eyes are on each side of their head. This gives them a greater field of view, which is useful for spotting predators. However, they have poor depth perception.
Someone with short-sightedness can see near objects clearly, but cannot focus properly on distant objects. This is because the lens focuses the sharpest image in front of the retina, instead of on i
Myopia - short-sight
Someone with long-sightedness can see distant objects clearly, but cannot focus properly on near objects. This is because the lens focuses the sharpest image behind the retina, instead of on it.