functionalism

covers keyterms,advanages,disadvantages for AS jan exam

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: zahra
  • Created on: 03-11-12 16:22

keyterms

SOCIAL ORDER: how people behave in society.whats classified as right and wrong.needed for society to function properly .social order maintained with consensus

SOCIALISATION: individuals learn culture of society in order to participate and fit into society

SOCIAL INTERGRATION: movement of minority groups(e.g:ethnic minorities) of society into mainstream of society.They gain full access to opportunities/rights/service available to members of mainstream

SOCIAL SOLIDARITY:when values set which bring together certain social groups.evreyone is in one accord.due to agreement most likely. 

NORMS:rules of social behaviour

VALUES:beliefs and ideas we consider to be important

1 of 4

Durkheim

  • Durkheim says individuals need organs to function to live.Organs dependant as they have specific functions that makes body work.Therefore,character of society same.Institutions of society performs functions to maintain social system 
  • society has police for problems-Just like organisms fight disease
2 of 4

strengths

  • doesn't used to describe different parts of society.eg:brain is politics and family is heart.looks at whole of society and makes it easier to understand sociologically and shows visually how it all works together like society
  • whole of society looked at .Its a macro level structural theory.doesn't just look at parts
  • socialisation determining behaviour looked at
  • culture structuring society looked at
  • society whole with different parts looked at
3 of 4

weaknesses

  • functionalism emphasizes consensus.violence not explained
  • society doesn't have a life  of its own.dependant of people who make it up
  • ignores that people have free choice.assumes we all accept consensus
  • functionalists believe power equally distributed.Marxists say functionalists ignore that some groups have more power than others.They can impose NORMS AND VALUES down on other groups
  • socialisation viewed as something that never fails.child abuse/drugs wouldn't be a problem!
4 of 4

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Sociological theory resources »