functionalism

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  • functionalism
    • Murdock 1949
      • family performs functions
        • sexual
        • reproduction
        • socialisation
        • economic
      • family has socially improved
      • arguments against
        • The Nayer
          • 19th Century = no nuclear family. A women could have sexual relations with any man (maximum 12)
        • conflict & exploitation
        • outdated & irrelevant
    • Parsons 1955
      • functional fit
        • adaptation
        • industrialisation
        • achieved status
        • conclusion = the nuclear family is uniquely suited to the needs of industrial society
      • structural differentiation+ loss of functions
        • unit of consumption
        • functional fit results in loss of functions - the family becomes responsible for fewer functions through structural differentiation
    • Willmott & Young 1972

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