french@WHS-(YR8)-2013

A WHOLE OVER VIEW OF FRENCH IN YEAR 8 AT WYCOMBE HIGH SCHOOL THIS WILL COVER EVERYTHING IN THE STUDIO 2 BOOKS (2013)

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  • Created on: 01-04-13 13:50

REGULAR VERBS -ER EXAMPLE REGARDER

(INFINITVE) REGARDER-TO WATCH

I WATCH- JE REGARDE

YOU WATCH- TU REGARDES

HE WATCHES- IL  REGARDE

SHE WATCHES- ELLE REGARDE

WE WATCH- ON REGARDE

WE WATCH- NOUS REGARDONS

YOU (PLURAL) WATCH- VOUS REGARDEZ

THEY (MALE) WATCH- ILS REGARDENT

THEY (FEMALE) WATCH-ELLES-REGARDENT

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REGULAR -IR VERBS - EXAMPLE FINIR

(INFINITIVE) FINIR- TO FINISH

I FINISH- JE FINIS

YOU FINISH- TU FINIS

HE FINISHES- IL FINIT

SHE FINISHES- ELLE FINIT

WE FINISH- ON FINIT

WE FINISH- NOUS FINISSONS

YOU FINISH- VOUS FINISSEZ

THEY (MALE) FINISH- ILS FINISSENT

THEY (FEMALE) FINISH- ELLE FINISSENT

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REGULAR -RE VERBS - EXAMPLE VENDRE

(INFINITIVE) VENDRE- TO SELL

I SELL- JE VENDS

YOU SELL- TU VENDS

HE SELLS- IL VEND

SHE SELLS- ELLE VEND

WE SELL- ON VEND

WE SELL- NOUS VENDONS

YOU SELL- VOUS VENDEZ

THEY (MALE) SELL- ILS VENDENT

THEY (FEMALE) SELL- ELLES VENDENT

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HOW TO MAKE A SENTENCE NEGATIVE

TO MAKE A SENTENCE NEGATIVE WE SAY NOT.IN FRENCH WE SAY

NE..VERB..PAS- SO WE MAKE A NEGATIVE SANDWICH

E.G JE NE SUIS PAS- I AM NOT

JAMAIS-MEANS NEVER 

SO

JE NE REGARDE PAS-I DO NOT WATCH

JE NE REGARDE JAMAIS-I NEVER WATCH

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HOW TO MAKE SOMETHING FUTURE

TO BE ABLE TO SAY WHAT WE ARE GOING TO DO WE USE ALLER & AN INFINITIVE

I AM GOING TO- JE VAIS

YOU ARE GOING TO- TU VAS

HE IS GOING TO- IL VA

SHE IS GOING TO- ELLE VA

WE ARE GOING TO- ON VA

WE ARE GOING TO- NOUS ALLONS

YOU ARE GOING TO- VOUS ALLEZ

THEY (MALE) ARE GOING TO- ILS VONT

THEY (FEMALE) ARE GOING TO- ELLES VONT

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HOW TO MAKE SOMETHING PAST

TO BE ABLE TO FAY WHAT WE HAVE DONE WE USE AVOIR

I HAVE- J'AI

YOU HAVE- TU AS

SHE HAS- ELLE A

HE HAS- IL A

WE HAVE- ON A

WE HAVE- NOUS AVONS

YOU HAVE- VOUS AVEZ

THEY (MALE) HAVE- ILS ONT

THEY (FEMALE) HAVE- ELLES ONT

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PAST PARTICIPLE

WHEN MAKING SOMETHING INTO THE PAST TENSE WE NEED AVOIR BUT WE ALSO NEED A PAST PARTICIPLE.THE PAST PARTICIPLE OF REGULAR -ER, -IR & -RE VERBS IS FORMED AS SHOWN BELOW:

-ER VERBS

REGARDER= REGARDÉ

-IR VERBS

FINIR= FINI

-RE VERBS

VENDRE= VENDU

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IRREGULAR PAST PARTICIPLES

INFINITIVE                    PERFECT TENSE WITH JE          PERFECT TENSE WITH ON  

BOIRE (TO DRINK)       J'AI BU (I DRANK)                        ON A BU (WE DRANK)

FAIRE (TO DO)            J'AI FAIT ( I DID)                           ON A FAIT (WE DID)

PRENDRE (TO TAKE)  J'AI PRIS (I TOOK)                       ON A PRIS ( WE TOOK)

VOIR (TO SEE)            J'AI VU (I SAW)                           ON A VU (WE SAW)

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HOW TO MAKE A NEGATIVE PAST TENSE

TO MAKE THE PAST TENSE NEGATIVE WE NEED TO PUT 'NE' AND 'PAS' AROUND THE PART OF AVOIR 

EXAMPLE: J'AI MANGÉ = JE N'AI PAS MANGÉ

YOU ALSO NEED TO CHANGE THE UN/UNE AND DU/DE LA/DE L'/DES IN THE SENTENCE TO DE AFTER A NEGATIVE:

J'AI ACHETÉ DES SOUVENIRS- I  HAVE BOUGHT SOUVENIRS

JE N'AI PAS ACHETÉ DE SOUVENIRS- I HAVE NOT BOUGHT SOUVENIRS

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WHO IS MRS VAN DER TRAMP?

WE USUALLY NEED THREE BITS TO MAKE PAST TENSE: PERSON+PART OF AVOIR+PAST PARTICIPLE BUT THEIR ARE 14 WORDS/VERBS THAT NEED PERSON+PART OF ETRE+PAST PARTICIPLE. EACH OF THE LETTERS IN MRS VAN DER TRAMP STANDS FOR A VERB .

MONTER-TO GO UP- MONTÉ -WENT UP

RESTER-TO STAY-RESTÉ-STAYED

SORTIR-TO GO OUT-SORTI-WENT OUT

VENIR-TO COME-VENU-CAME

ALLER-TO GO- ALLÉ-WENT

NAITRE- TO BE BORN-NÉ-WAS BORN

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MRS VAN DER TRAMP (CONTINUED)

DESCENDRE-TO COME DOWN-DESCENDU-WENT DOWN

ENTRER-TO ENTER- ENTRÉ-WENT IN

RETOURNER- TO RETURN-RETOURNÉ-RETURNED

TOMBER- TO FALL- TOMBÉ-FELL

RENTRER- TO COME BACK HOME-RENTRÉ-CAME BACK

ARRIVER-TO ARRIVE-ARRIVÉ-ARRIVED

MOURIR- TO DIE-MORT-DIED

PARTIR- TO LEAVE-PARTI-LEFT

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ETRE AND MRS VAN DER TRAMP

THE 14 VERBS ALL NEED A BIT OF ETRE INSTEAD OF AVOIR

I AM- JE SUIS

YOU ARE- TU ES

HE IS- IL EST

SHE IS- ELLE EST

WE ARE- ON EST

WE ARE- NOUS SOMMES

YOU ARE- VOUS ETES

THEY (MALE) ARE- ILS SONT

THEY(FEMALE) ARE- ELLES SONT

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AGREEMENTS

ON THE MRS VAN DER TRAMP LIST WE MUST ADD LETTERS RED=FEMININE & BLUE=PLURAL

JE SUIS ALLE(E)

TU ES ALLE(E)

IL EST ALLE

ELLE EST ALLEE

ON EST ALLE(E)S

NOUS SOMMES ALLE(E)S

VOUS ETES ALLE(E) (S) (ES)

ILS SONT ALLES

ELLES SONT ALLEES

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REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

WITH REFLEXIVE VERBS YOU NEED TO ADD AN EXTRA PART A PRONOUN

JE ME

TU TE

IL SE

ELLE SE

ON SE

NOUS NOUS

VOUS VOUS

ILS SE

ELLES SE

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EXAMPLES OF REFLEXIVE VERBS

se laver-to watch

se réveiller- to wake up

se coucher- to go to bed

 se doucher-to take a shower

s'habiller-to get dressed

se dire- to tell each other

se facher- to get angry

se chamailler- to squabble

s'amuser-to have fun


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POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

                      MASCULINE     FEMININE   PLURAL

MY                 MON                MA              MES

YOUR             TON                 TA               TES

HIS/HER         SON                 SA              SES

OUR               NOTRE             NOTRE        NOS

YOUR             VOTRE             VOTRE        VOS

THEIR             LEUR               LEUR           LEUR

IN FRENCH YOU CAN ONLY TELL IF SOMETHING IS FEMININE OR MASCULINE IF BECAUSE OF THE WORD

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LES VETEMENTS- CLOTHES

NORMALEMENT JE PORTE- NORMALLY I WEAR

DES BASKETS- TRAINERS

DES BOTTES- BOOTS

DES CHAUSSURES- SHOES

UNE CHEMISE- SHIRT

UNE JUPE- SHIRT

UNE VESTE- JACKET

UN CHAPEAU- HAT

UN JEAN- JEANS

UN PANTALON- TROUSERS

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LES VETEMENTS- CLOTHES CONTINUED

UN PULL- A JUMPER

UN SWEAT A CAPUCHE- A HOODIE

UN TEE-SHIRT- A T-SHIRT

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COLOURS

IN FRENCH THE COLOURS ARE PLACED AFTER THE NOUN

ROUGE-RED                                                BLEU-BLUE

ROSE-PINK                                                  GRIS-GREY

NOIR - BLACK                                              VIOLET-PURPLE

BLANC(HE)-WHITE                                      

ORANGE-ORANGE                                        

JAUNE- YELLOW

VERT-GREEN

VERT KHAKI-KHAKI

MARRON CHOCOLAT- CHCOLATE BROWN

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COLORS AND AGREEMENTS

IF YOU WANT TO SAY A COLOUR IS LIGHT YOU USE 'CLAIR' AFTER THE COLOUR IF IT IS DARK YOU USE 'FONCE' AFTER THE COLOUR 

WHEN WE USE A COLOUR TO DESCRIBE SOMETHING WE

A) FOLLOW THE NOUN

B) AGREE I.E MAKE IT FEMININE OR PLURAL

EXCEPTIONS:

'ORANGE' AND 'MARRON' NEVER ADD ANYTHING ALSO IF YOU DESCRIBE THE COLOUR IT DOES NOT CHANGE EITHER E.G OLIVE GREEN WHICH IS 'VERT OLIVE'

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STYLE

J'AI UN STYLE PLUTOT   MY STYLE IS RATHER

CLASSIQUE                   CLASSIC

DECONTRACTE             CASUAL

SKATEUR                      SKATER

SPORTIF                       SPORTY

C'EST                            IT'S

MOCHE                         UGLY

HORRIBLE                     HORRIBLE

COOL                            COOL

CHIC                             CHIC

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CHARACTER

ADORABLE-ADORABLE                           GENTIL(E)-NICE

ARROGANT(E)-ARROGANT                      INTELLIGENT(E)-INTELLIGENT

AMUSANT(E)-FUNNY                               OPTIMISTE-OPTIMISTIC

CASSE-PIEDS-ANNOYING                       PATIENT(E)-PATIENT

CURIEUX/CURIEUSE-CURIOUS                PENIBLE-ANNOYING          

DEBROUILLARD(E)-RESOURCEFUL27     PESSIMISTE-PESSIMISTIC

DROLE-FUNNY11                                    RIGOLO(TE)-FUNNY

EGOISTE-SELFISH15                              SOCIABLE- SOCIABLE

PARESSEUX/PARESSEUSE-LAZY          SYMPA-NICE

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TRANSPORT

EN AVION- BY PLANE

EN BUS- BY BUS

EN METRO- BY TRAIN

EN TRAIN- BY TRAIN

EN VOITURE- BY CAR

A VELO- BY BIKE 

A PIEDS- ON FOOT

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HOW TO DESCRIBE SOMETHING

BIEN-GOOD                                              MARRANT-FUNNY/A LAUGH

BIZARRE-WEIRD                                       NUL-RUBBISH

COOL-COOL                                             C'ETAIT-IT WAS..

CHER-EXPENSIVE                                    J'AI TROUVE CA-I FOUND IT

EFFRAYANT- SCARY                               CE N'ETAIT PAS MAL-IT WASN'T BAD

ENNUYEUX-BORING

FABULEUX-WONDERFUL

GENIAL-GREAT

HORRIBLE-HORRIBLE

INTERESSANT-INTERESTING

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QUESTIONS

QU'EST-CE QUE-WHAT?

POURQUOI-WHY

QUI-WHO

OÙ-WHERE

QUAND-WHEN

QUEL-WHICH

COMBIEN-HOW MUCH/MANY

COMMENT-HOW

AVEC QUI- WITH WHO

COMBIEN DE TEMPS-HOW LONG

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TYPES OF TV PROGRAMMES

LES DESSINS ANIME-CARTOONS

LES DOCUMENTAIRES-DOCUMENTARIES

LES EMISSION DE SPORT- SPORTS PROGRAMME

LES EMISSIONS DE TELE-REALITE- REALITY TV

LES EMISSIONS MUSICALES-MUSIC SHOW

LES INFO- THE NEWS

LES JEUX TELEVISES- GAME SHOWS

LA METEO-THE WEATHER

LES SERIES POLICIERES- CRIME SERIES

LES ERIES AMERICANES- AMERIAN SERIES

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TYPES OF TV PROGRAMMES CONTINUED

MON EMISSION PREFEREE C'EST-MY FAVOURITE PROGRAM IS

J'ADORE-I LOVE

J'AIME BIEN-I LIKE

JE N'AIME PAS I DON'T LIKE

JE NE REGARDE JAMAIS-I NEVER WATCH

JE NE RATE JAMAIS- I NEVER MISS

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TYPES OF FILMS

QU'EST-CE QUE TU AIMES, COMME FILMS- WHAT MOVIES DO YOU LIKE?

ACTION FILMS- LES FILMS D'ACTION

FANTASY FILMS-LES FILMS FANTASTIQUES

ADVENTURE FILMS-LES FILMS D'AVENTURE

HORROR FILMS- LES FILMS D'HORREUR

SCIENCE/FICTION-LES FILMS DE SCIENCE-FICTION

MARTIAL ARTS FILMS-LES FILMS D'ART MARTIAUX

LOVE FILMS- LES FILMS D'AMOUR

COMEDY FILMS- LES COMEDIES

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ROOMS IN THE HOUSE

LIVING ROOM - LE SALON

GARDEN - LE JARDIN

BATHROOM- LA SALLE DE BAINS

KITCHEN- LA CUISINE

DINING ROOM- LA SALLE A MANGER

BROTHERS BEDROOM- LA HAMBRE DE MON FRERE

MY MUMS BEDROOM- LA CHAMBRE DE MA MERE

MY BEDROOM- MA CHAMBRE

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LINKING WORDS

CE PENDANT- HOWEVER

AUSSI- ALSO

PARCE QUE- BECAUSE

CAR- BECAUSE

MAIS-BUT

PUIS-THEN

ENSUITE-THEN/NEXT

EN PLUS- FURTHER MORE

D'ABORD- FIRST OF ALL

ALORS- SO 

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BOIRE

JE BOIS- I DRINK

TU BOIS- YOU DRINK

IL BOIT-HE DRINKS

ELLE BOIT- SHE DRINKS

NOUS BUVONS- WE DRINK

VOUS BUVEZ- YOU DRINK

ILS BOIVENT- THEY DRINK

ELLES BOIVENT- THEY DRINK

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FAIRE

JE FAIS- I DO

TU FAIS- YOU DO

IL FAIT HE DOES

ELLE FAIT SHE DOES

NOUS FAISONS WE DO

VOUS FAITES YOU DO

ILS FONT THEY DO

ELLES FONT THEY DO

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LIRE

JE LIS- I READ

TU LIS - YOU READ

IL LIT- HE READS

ELE LIT- SHE READS

NOUS LISONS- WE READ

VOUS LISEZ- YOU READ

ILS LISENT- THEY READ

ELLES LISENT- THEY READ

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PARTIR

JE PARS- I LEAVE

TU PARS- YOU LEAVE

IL PART- HE LEAVES

ELLE PART- SHE LEAVES

NOUS PARTONS- WE LEAVE

VOUS PARTEZ- YOU LEAVE

ILS PARTENT- THEY LEAVE

ELLES PARTENT- THEY LEAVE

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PRENDRE

JE PRENDS- I TOOK

TU PRENDS- YOU TOOK

IL PREND- HE TOOK

ELLE PREND- SHE TOOK

NOUS PRENONS- WE TOOK

VOUS PRENEZ- YOU TOOK

ILS PRENNENT- THEY TOOK

ELLES PRENNENT- THEY TOOK

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SORTIR

JE SORS- I GO OUT

TU SORS- YOU GO OUT

IL SORT- HE GOES OUT

ELLE SORT- SHE GOES UT

NOUS SORTONS- WE GO OUT

VOUS SORTEZ- YOU GO OUT

ILS SORTENT- THEY GO OUT

ELLES SORTENT- THEY GO OUT

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VENIR

JE VIENS- I COME

TU VIENS- YOU COME

IL VIENT- HE COMES

ELLE VIENT- SHE COMES

NOUS VENONS- WE COME

VOUS VENEZ- YOU COME

ILS VIENNENT- THEY COME

ELLES VIENNENT- THEY COME

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VOIR

JE VOIS- I SEE

TU VOIS- YOU SEE

IL VOIT- HE SEES

ELLE VOIT- SHE SEES

NOUS VOYONS- WE SEE

VOUS VOYEZ- YOU SEE

ILS VOIENT- THEY SEE

ELLES VOIENT- THEY SEE

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