Food Poisoning

A summary of the 7 main food poisoning causing bacteria, including their sources and symptoms

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  • Created by: R_Hall
  • Created on: 01-05-11 12:25

Campylobacter

  • Found in raw poultry and meats
  • Illness is caused by small numbers of the bacteria

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Abdominal pains
  • Diarrhoea
  • Can last for 10 days
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Salmonella

  • Found in raw meat, unwashed vegetables, poultry and eggs
  • The 2nd most common cause of food poisoning
  • Survives refrigeration
  • Illness is caused by large numbers of bacteria
  • Can be fatal

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Diarrhoea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Can take up to 48hrs for symptoms to show
  • Can last for 3 weeks
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E Coli 0157

  • Found in the gut of humans and animals
  • Found in raw and undercooked meat and raw vegetables
  • Illness is caused by small numbers of bacteria
  • Can survive refrigeration and freezing
  • Can be fatal

Symptoms

  • Diarrhoea
  • Can take up to 5 days for symptoms to show
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Clostridium Perfringens

  • From animal faeces
  • Found in soil, manure, sewage, raw meat and poultry
  • Produces spores not killed by cooking
  • Can be fatal

Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhoea
  • Nausea
  • Onset normally after 8-18 hrs
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Listeria

  • Found in soil, vegetation, meat, poultry, soft cheese, salad vegetables
  • Bacteria can grow at low temperatures
  • Pregnant women, the young and the old are most at risk

Symptoms

  • Range from Flu-like symptoms to meningitis
  • Can take up to weeks to develop 
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Staphylococcus Auerus

  • Found on the skin, in cuts and boils and up the nose
  • Tranferred to food from hands, nose or mouth
  • Large numbers of bacteria needed to cause illness
  • Survives refrigeration
  • Produces a toxin that can survive cooking

Symptoms

  • Severe vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhoea
  • Onset within 6 hrs
  • Lasts about 2 days
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Bacillus Cereus

  • Found in soil and dust
  • Frequently in rice dishes and sometimes in pasta, meat and vegetable dishes
  • Illness caused by small numbers of bacteria
  • Forms spores that are resistant to heat

Symptoms (2 types of illness)

  • Diarrhoea and abdomincal pain- 8-18 hrs
  • Vomiting- 1-5 hrs
  • Usually lasts less than 24 hrs
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