Family - Perspectives

Briefly outlines the main assumptions of theoretical perspectives and their evaluations.

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  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 25-12-08 00:07

Functionalism

MAIN ASSUMPTIONS

  • The structure, functions and roles of the family fit society
  • The family is good for society
  • The isolated nuclear family is dominant in modern society
  • Roles within the family are equal
  • The nuclear family is universal

EVALUATION

  • The family is idealized
  • Negative aspects ofthe family are ignored - domestic violence, marital ****
  • Marxists claim the family is beneficial to capitalism
  • Gender inequality is ignored
  • Increasing social problems are ignored
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Marxism

MAIN ASSUMPTIONS

  • The econmoy influences the structure and the role of the family
  • The family maintains social class and inequality
  • Married females are the labour reserve
  • Family is a refuge from work
  • The family is seen as a consumption model
  • The family evolved in order to ensure lines of inheritance for private property

EVALUATION

  • Ignores family diversity
  • Although the dark side of the family is acknowledged, not all family members experience this
  • Ignores partiarchy
  • Too critical
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Feminism

MAIN ASSUMPTIONS

  • The family sustains patriarchy benefiting men

MARXIST FEMINISM

The family exploits women serving the needs of capitalism

BENSTON - family responsibilities make male workers less likey to strike

ANSLEY - emotional support in families stabilise male workery which make them less likely to balme capitalism for their stresses

FEELEY - family teaches obedience, children learn hierarchy and accept it

EVALUATION

  • Ignore diversity
  • The negative image of the family is possibly exaggerated
  • Women are portrayed as passive victims of exploitation
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Radical Feminism

MAIN ASSUMPTIONS

  • Conventional nuclear family is ideal, variations are less functional
  • Single mothers are condemned
  • State support for lone parents encourages social problems

EVALUATION

  • Narrow view of the family
  • Blame and punish victims (single mothers, lone parents, same sex couples etc.)of social problems
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Difference Feminism

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Liberal Feminism

LIBERAL FEMINISM

The exploitation of women can be changed if legislation is changed and political action is taken

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New Right

MAIN ASSUMPTIONS

  • Conventional nuclear family is ideal, variations are less functional
  • Single mothers are condemned
  • State support for lone parents encourages social problems

EVALUATION

  • Narrow view of the family
  • Blame and punish victims (single mothers, lone parents, same sex couples etc.)of social problems
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