- Created by: Rosiem2102
- Created on: 18-12-18 11:17
Failure to function adequately
- Can no longer cope the demands of everyday life
- Unable to maintain basic standards of hygiene and nutrition and hygiene
- Cannot hold down a job or maintain relationships with people around them
When is someone failing to function adequately
- Rosenhan and Seligman
- When a person no longer conforms to standard interpersonal rules, maintaining eye contact and respecting personal space.
- When a person experiences severe personal distress.
- When a person's behaviour becomes irrational or dangerous to themselves or others.
Example: intellectual disability disorder
- Individual must also be failing to function adequately before a diagnosis would be given.
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- Does attempt to include the subjective experience of the individual
- Difficult to assess distress but at least acknowledges that the experience of a patient and/or others is important
- Captures the experience of many people who need help
- Useful criterion for assessing abnormality
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Is it simply a deviation from social norms?
- We might think that not having a job or permanant address is a sign of failure to function adequately but what about people with alternative lifestyles?
- Those who practise extreme sports could be accused of behaving in a maladaptive way while people with religious or spiritual beliefs may be seen as irrational.
- Risk limiting personal freedom and discriminating against minority groups.
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- Someone must judge whether a patient is distressed or distressing.
- Some patients may say they are distressed but might be judged as not suffering.
- Methods for making such judgements as objective as possible. (Global assessment of functioning scale)
- Principle remains that someone has the right to make this judgement.
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