- Weft under alternate warp, unpatterned.
- Hard wearing, strong, holds shape, smooth finish ( good for printing)
- Cheapest, usually used in cotton- based fabrics.
selvedge: edge were weft yarns wrap around the warp yarns.
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- Diagonal pattern on surface of fabric
- Weft over two yarns and under one, repeated one warp futher along.
- Stronger and drapes better.
- commonly used in denim fabric.
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- weft over four or morewarp and under one.
- Floats (yarns on the surface) catch light, shiny fabric
- delicate, dosent resist abrasion.
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- 'webs' held together by glue, stitches, needle- punching or heat.
- used to make interfacing, artifical leathers, disposable cloths.
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- pressure, moisture and heat to interlock mat of wool fibres.
- used for carpet underlay, craft material, hats, jewellery and snooker table coverings.
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weft- knitted yarns
- yarn across fabric, interlocking loops with row beneath.
- stretch, loses shape easily.
- If yarn breaks unravel and make 'ladders'
- produced by hand or machine.
- jumpers,socks and T- shirts.
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Warp- knitted fabrics
- yarn 'up' the fabric in loops, interlocking vertically.
- stretchy, keeps its shape.
- hard to unravel
- made by machine
- Tights, swimwear, fleeces and some bed sheets.
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