Fabric construction revision

Fabric construction revision

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  • Created by: alaya
  • Created on: 13-04-12 10:29

Plain weave

  • Weft under alternate warp, unpatterned.
  • Hard wearing, strong, holds shape, smooth finish ( good for printing)
  • Cheapest, usually used in cotton- based fabrics.

Plain weave pattern (http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/design/images/plainweavefabric.gif)selvedge: edge were weft yarns wrap around the warp yarns.

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Twill weave

  • Diagonal pattern on surface of fabric
  • Weft over two yarns and under one, repeated one warp futher along.
  • Stronger and drapes better.
  • commonly used in denim fabric.

Twill weave pattern (http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/design/images/twillweave.gif)

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Satin weave

  • weft over four or morewarp and under one.
  • Floats (yarns on the surface) catch light, shiny fabric
  • delicate, dosent resist abrasion.


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Bonded fabrics

  • 'webs' held together by glue, stitches, needle- punching or heat.
  • used to make interfacing, artifical leathers, disposable cloths.
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Felted fabrics

  • pressure, moisture and heat to interlock mat of wool fibres.
  • used for carpet underlay, craft material, hats, jewellery and snooker table coverings.
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weft- knitted yarns

  • yarn across fabric, interlocking loops with row beneath.
  • stretch, loses shape easily.
  • If yarn breaks unravel and make 'ladders'
  • produced by hand or machine.
  • jumpers,socks and T- shirts.

Weft knitted fabric (http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/design/images/weftknitted.gif)

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Warp- knitted fabrics

  • yarn 'up' the fabric in loops, interlocking vertically.
  • stretchy, keeps its shape.
  • hard to unravel
  • made by machine
  • Tights, swimwear, fleeces and some bed sheets.

Warp knitted fabric  (http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/design/images/warpknitted.gif)

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