explain kant reasons for using the categorical imperative

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  • deontological = focuses on the act
  • absolute
  • his moral arguments are a priori synthetic
  • kant was a deontologist
  • he believed that the consequence of our actions are irrelevent to whether they are right or not
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paragraph 2: duty and good will

  • duty
  • duty is what makes good will good
  • it is important that duty is done for its own sake
  • our motives needs to be pure
  • kant argues we must choose to do good actions
  • kant says that we must choose to avoid bad ones
  • good will
  • kant believed that there was nothing that could be said to be good except good will
  • the only good in itself is the good will
  • the will to do ones duty
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paragraph 3: the diffrence between the hypothetica

  • categorical imperative
  • the C.A. are moral commands and do not begin with an if
  • they tell everyone what to do
  • according to kant they apply to everyone because they are based on an objective a priori law of reason
  • hypothetical imperative
  • H.I. are not moral commands to the will as they do not apply to everyone
  • they only need to be obeyed if an individual wants to acheive a certain goal
  • H.I. always begins with an if
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paragraph 4: the univesalization of the laws

  • kant first form applies to our rationality
  • kant believed that this was how moral decisions should be made
  • it can be applied from the golden rule "treat others how you would like to be treated"
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paragraph 5 : formula of the end in itself

  • kant believes that we should not exploit others or treat them to acheive an ends
  • to treat another person as a means is to deny that person the right to be a rational and independent judge of his or her own actions
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paragraph 6: the formula of a kingdom of ends

  • everyone should act as if every other person was an end- a free autonomous agent
  • everything will utitmily have an end purpose or goal in which they want to acheive
  • pretend you live as a member of (and a leader of) the kingdom of ends where all people live as if these rules are totally valid
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