Despite apartheid being abolished in South Africa, prejudice, racism and segregation still exists. The poet is angry that nothing's changed
Onomatopoeia - 'click' - harsh consonant sounds, 'thrust' - suggests force (something resisting his presence)
Alliteration - harsh 'c' represents his footsteps, 'flaring like a flag' shows he wants to reveal his anger
Repetition - 'and' creates and builds up tension
Structure - Poem ends with the title to emphasise that 'nothing's changed' and he's back where he started, an outcast, denied entry and angry.
Language - Words that show his disgust to the Apartheid Policy - 'incipient'
About a man who lives in England and wishes he was back in the Caribbean where he originates from. A clash of cultures.
Colour Imagery - Bright colours associated with the Carribean - 'blue/emerald' - whereas London is 'grey' and 'metallic'
Alliteration - 'sun surfacing', 'sound of surf' - a soft, positive sound almost like the waves
Repetition - 'groggily, groggily' and 'muffling, muffling' imitates the feeling and action and how the man is still half asleep
Language - 'wombing' - links to the birth and origins as in the womb, you feel comfort and security which is how he feels about the Carribean
Onomatopoeia - 'surge', 'roar', 'soar' - sound imagery shows that as he hears the sound of passing traffic, it reminds him of waves hitting the shores
Night of the Scorpion
Describes an event (childhood memory). Old superstitions and beliefs against more rationalist and sceptic modern ideas. Are the neighbours a comfort or not?
Repetition - 'more candles, more lanterns, more neighbours' - shows endless efforts to help and emphasises how tedious it was
Religion - 'Evil One' - capital indicates a name (links the scorpion with the devil), Prayer like quality 'May he...' shows they need to take comfort from a belief in God. She is suffering due to sins committed or will be committed
Simile - 'like swarms of flies' shows how inept they are as they are shown as irritating pests/insects - they are insignificant
Detached Tone - the son is an onlooker describing the event (factual and unemotional) As a child does he understand what's happening?
What happens when a water pipe bursts in a poor community that does not usually have access to water. It explores what is valuable in different cultures.
Metaphors - (for water) - 'blessing', 'silver', 'liquid sun' - all positive, precious images.
Onomatopoeia - 'screaming', 'drip', 'splash', 'crashes', 'roar;, 'sings' to reflect the sound of the water and the community reacting to it.
Simile - 'the skin cracks like a pod' - shows hot, dry climate. Pod can mean growth
Enjambement - Flowing pace represents the flow of water and the excitement felt by the community
Alliteration - 'polished to perfection' stands out to show how water has changed lives.