English Paper 1

Revision cards about media and non-fiction texts and writing to argue, persuade and advise.

Denotation and Connotation


What you can literally see...


What this means...

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What you can literally see...


What this means...

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Purpose, Audience, Format

Purpose - what does the text want you to do? (e.g to inform, entertain ,persuade)

Audience - who is the text aimed at? (adults, children, eco people, teenagers)

Format - What is the text? How does it look? (e.g. newspaper article, magazine,website)

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Language - what is the language like? persuasive? informative? childish?  

Information - is the info factual , opinions or both?

Style - long, written in paragraphs ,bullet points , leaflet?

Tone-How do you feel when you read the document, serious,humerous or angry tone?

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Non-fiction texts

Non-fiction texts aims to :

  • Inform the reader
  • persuade the reader
  • Give advice
  • Describe a person, feeling, place or object

 Non-fiction text features :

  • Bold headlines
  • Sub-headings
  • Images
  • Facts/figures
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Types of audience for non-fiction texts

Examples of audiences a non-fiction text is aimed at ...

  • A certain age group
  • Men/woman
  • Those with an interest in the topic
  • People who buy the product
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Purpose of non-fiction texts

Why was the text written?


  • Provide instruction - (to instruct)
  • Promote awareness (to inform)
  • Inform about the facts
  • Report news




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Language used in non-fiction texts

Emotive language - appealing to someones emotions, can be extreme at times

twists and manipulates reader

But why ?

  • Using the emotive language to persuade the reader
  • to agree with a certain point or simply see the point of view?

Informative language - language which contains facts

Tone of language - how it makes you feel?

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Information in non-fiction texts

Facts - something that is real or can be proven to exist..

Opinions - a belief/judgement that is told by a person which is believed to be true but cannot be proven...

Every year, hundreds of thousands of calves like this one are separated from their mothers within four days of birth" - FACT

"Why? To satisfy our unnatural and unhealthy taste for cow's milk" - OPINION

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Style/presentation of non-fiction texts

What attracts your attention the most?

  • Headlines
  • Pictures (emotive)
  • Subheadings
  • Bold print
  • Underlinings
  • Logos
  • Slogans
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Planning for writng to persuade,advise and argue

Spend 5 mins

Keep to the point

Keep it well structured

Keep track of time

Have PAF in plan

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Genres,audience and purpose used in section B

Examples Genres: an article in a magazine

a newspaper article

a letter to an official body

a leaflet offering advice

a speech

Address audience appropriately

Argue - to put across reasons for/against

Persuade - to make someone believe something

Advise - to inform something to someone

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Structure of writing to persude

  1. Introduction - explain who you are and why you are writing, eg Chair of the Friends of Gnashley High School/Mrs Seddon is retiring.
  2. Purpose - explain that there is a party and include details of when/where.
  3. Presentation - give information about the leaving present for Mrs Seddon.
  4. Donations - give details about where people can send contributions for the present.
  5. Conclusion - summarise the main details of the letter.
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PAF - great way to remeber! thanks **

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