English- information and ideas Reading

Revision notes on part A of the information and ideas paper

recomemded to spend 1 hour on this section

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What is the paper structure

This section of the information and ideas has three questions
You are recomended to spend 1 hour on it as you also have part B
Read the booklet and all the questions beofre you start to write

The questions

1) You are normally asked to outline consicley what the text is about in your own words, so you need to look for information

2) You are normally asked to identify and explain presentaional techniques and language

3) you are normally asked to talk about language and tone on the other text,
or you could be asked to compare the two texts 

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Non- fiction texts

The types of non-fixtion texts

  • information leaflets
  • newspaper or magazine articles
  • travel writing
  • Biographies
  • company websites
  • advertisments
  • reviews
  • instructions

You should be able to idenfify what GENRE the text is (one of the above)

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Audience of texts

Audience-who is the text aimed at?

  • Youth
  • Men-car lovers 
  • Women-Mums
  • Adults-parents
  • Teenagers-Fashion
  • Children
  • Toddlers
  • Families

You need to be able to identify who the text is aimed at (who would read it?, the audience)

Ask your self, who / what kind of people would read this?

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Purpose of texts

Purpose- what is the text trying to do?

  • inform
  • persuade
  • argue
  • advertise
  • disscuss
  • advise
  • instruct

How do you know this? what featurs show this, is it language, layout, tone?

you need to be bale to identify what the purose of the text is and how you know this

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Questions 1 and 2

Question 1

You need to read the text and the question. Make sure you know which text you need to write about in this question. (It is NORMALLY the first aritcle, but it is NOT always)
Once you have read the article you need to identfy the key points that the question is aking for, so if it asks for what have you learnt about somebody or something highlight the key points you need to include in your answer. This question does normall require you to write it in YOUR OWN WORDS so make sure you change as much as you can.

Question 2

You need to read the text (which you should have already done, but reread or skim it) to find all the presentational devices. Identify the presentaional devices and why they are used, how they are effective.

THERE ARE THREE MAIN REASONS FOR USING PRESENTAIONAL DEVICES: MOOD, MEMORY AND CLARITY   

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Mood, memory

MOOD

A piece of writing will always try to expert feelings. There are different presentational devices that can affect the mood such as

  • pictures, images, diagrams
  • colour
  • font size and style
  • Quotes from other people

MEMORY

A writer of a piece of text will always want the reader to remember sertian parts of it. They use presentaional devices to help with memory such as

  • Bold text
  • Bullet points
  • Diagrams, maps and illistarions
  • Heading and sub-headings
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Clarity

People often see non fixtion texts when they are in a rush, like waling past a shop with leaflets in the window. This means that the it is improtant for the purpose and audience is clear. The information within th etext also need to be clearly presented.

Presentaional devices that help with clarity involve:

  • Blod text
  • Bullet points
  • Paragraphs
  • Sub-headings
  • Colour
  • Images and captions
  • Quotes

You need to be able to explain how these devies are effective and why th ewriter has used them. For example they might have a image of a child with lots of colour and large sized font to get the attention of children, teens so that they start to read it.

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Language and techniques

You will need to be able to identify the techniques the writter uses and how / why it is effective. What affect does it have on the reader? You also need to be able to identify Quotes to use in question 2 and 3.

The techniques you need to identify:

  • Words / language- is it simple, difficults, formal, informal
  • Sentence structure- short, long, complex
  • Paragraph structure- long, short, same length, stand out for emphasis or effect
  • Personal pronouns- We  You - creats a personal relationship
  • Persuasive techniques- AFORREST
  • Emotive language- colourful or plain
  • Excalmations- "shut up"
  • Facts and opinons- I think....(fact)  or 8 out of 10 people .....(opinion)
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Tones

A List of tones that could be used in differnt non- fixtion texts:

  • FORMAL
  • INFORMAL
  • Happy
  • Sad
  • excited
  • Despressed
  • somber
  • mellencolly
  • passionate
  • humerous
  • serious
  • informative
  • to the point

How you you read it alout loud, what tone would you use? you need to be able to identify the tone or tones used

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Acronym's

GAPLIST

Genrei type of text

Audience- who is it aimed at?

Purpose- why is it written?

Lanuage- what type of langauge, formal, informal, simple

Intention- similar to purpose, what it it trying to do?

Structure- paragraphs, layout

Tone- how is it read

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Acronym's

AFORREST- for persavsive writing

Alliteration

Facts

Opinion

Rhetorical

Rhyme/rhythm

Emotive/emotion

Statistics

Tone

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