- Created by: cieran32
- Created on: 08-11-18 20:41
The western Rebellion 1549
A combination of religious and socioeconomic factors led to the Western Rebellion. In conclusion, Somerset's government handled the rebellion badly
causes of rebellion
- A combination of reasons triggered the rebellion.
- Resentment of religion reform - the New Common Prayer Book of 1549 sparked the rebellion.
- Hostility to enclosure - The enclosure commission of 1548 had dashed people’s high hopes.
- Increasing rents, rising prices and falling wages.
- The local gentry could not deal with the situation
course of rebellion
- The rebellion began on Sunday 10 June in Cornwall and later spread to Devon.
- On 29 June, Lord Russell was sent to find a peaceful settlement.
- From 2 July to 6 July, the rebels besieged Exeter.
- On 8 July, Russell's last attempt to find a settlement failed.
- On 12 July, Lord Grey was sent to help Russell but was diverted to unrest in Oxford.
- On 28 July, Russell began defeating groups of rebels in Devon.
- On 17 August, the rebels were defeated.
consequences of rebellion
- The rebellion was put down.
- Martial law (military government) was used to deal with the rebels. This indicates how dangerous the situation was.
- Somerset's position in government was seriously weakened.
- Some historians call this rebellion the 'Prayer Book Rebellion'.
- Historians have noted that most of the rebel articles focussed on religious grievances.
- But this may reflect the disproportionate influence of the clergy who played a leading role in the rebellion rather than accurately representing the grievances of all the rebels.
- Ferriby, Anderson and Imperato's view:
- ‘Many of the riots were ill-focused and reflected a sense of desperation among the poorest classes
Ketts Rebellion 1549
consequences of rebellion
- Kett was hanged in November.
- Most of the rebels were dealt with more leniently.
- Somerset tried to be popular and wanted to cooperate with the rebels. This made him seem weak to his rivals at court
Ketts Rebellion 1549 causes
- Enclosure and bad government were higher priorities than religion.
- Local government was a key issue. The rebels attacked the gentry and Justices of the Peace (JPs), accusing them of corruption and mismanaging government policy.
- The New Common Prayer Book did not spark the rebellion. Kett's rebels wanted more religious reform, such as improving the quality of the clergy.
course of the ketts rebellion
- On 10 July, Kett led a march of yeomen and farmers to Norwich.
- On 21 July, full pardon was offered to the rebels with promises to deal with corruption.
- On 22 July, the rebels took Norwich. They set up a camp on Mousehold Heath.
- Somerset wrote letters to the rebels to deal with their grievances.
- On 30 July, the Marquis of Northampton arrived with a small army and retook Norwich. Negotiations with Kett failed.
- On 23 August, the Earl of Warwick arrived with 12,000 men.
- On 27 August, Kett's Rebellion was put down. 3,000 rebels were killed.
Studies of rebellions have become popular in recent years. Nowadays, historians consider rebellions a political tool that commoners used to exert pressure on the government.
interpretations of rebellions
- Previously, historians used to not think commoners could be involved in politics.
- This was changed by social historians who studied ordinary people.
- Now, rebellions are seen as sophisticated and political.
what was the purpose rebellion
- Historians such as Bush argue that rebellion was used as a form of negotiation in the Tudor period. This was because most commoners did not have a formal way to express their grievances.
- Kett's and the Western rebellion can be seen as commoners calling for the government to restore harmony. They were not trying to overthrow the government.