Edward somerset and Northumberland

  • Created by: cieran32
  • Created on: 08-11-18 16:44

The duke of Somerset

Somerset relationship with Edward VI

  • The Duke of Somerset was strict with Edward VI

  • The boy had no direct involvement in government and limited pocket money but a thorough education

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Edwards VI's role in government

  • Edward VI is often remembered as a weak and sickly boy

  • It is difficult to tell how much influence Edward VI had in governing the kingdom

  • He was particularly interested in England’s religious settlement

 

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Somerset the Lord Protector

  • The reformist faction was in the strongest position when Henry VII died

  • Somerset was popular in 1547 after his victories against Scotland. Soon after Henry’s death, the Regency Council gave it’s power to Somerset.

  • Somerset rapidly took control of Edward and made himself Lord Protector

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Somerset Regency Council

  • Somerset rapidly promoted his own supporters to the Regency Council. Somerset’s supporters included: Thomas Seymour, John Dudley, Earl of Warwick; Archbishop of Canterbury Cranmer; Sir William Paget; Sir Thomas Wriothesley; and the Earl of Arundel.

  • The Regency council met in somerset’s home, Somerset house. So he was able to control who had contact with his government. His retainers guarded him.

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How Somerset ruled

  • Somerset ruled England using the dry stamp (Research this )

  • In Henry VII’s last years, dry stamp had been used a great deal so this was not a sudden change.

  • The 1539 Proclamations Act said proclamations had equal force as statute Law

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Somerset's religious Policy

  • Somerset had a tricky balancing act to please reformists and traditionalists, Protestants and Catholic .

  • The Book of Common Prayer and the Act of Uniformity of 1549 were vague in the hope of being all things to all worshippers.

  • Some key protestant steps were taken:

  • Dissolving Chantries (Financial need)

  • Acting against ornaments and images ( Protestant pressure in London)

  • Clergy were again allowed to marry (enabling more protestant clergy)

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Somerset's Downfall

  • Somerset’s downfall was largely due to his failure to deal with the 1549 Rebellion (Kett’s rebellion)

  • Somerset had also alienated many in the Regency Council

  • Somerset’s foreign policy was costly and ineffective

  • Somerset’s power declined following  1549,with the duke of Northumberland gaining power and influence in his place.

  • By 1552, Somerset was arrested, tried for treason and executed.

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Duke of Northumberland

  • Northumberland took religion in a much more Protestant direction.

  • January 1552: Treason Act- Questioning either the Royal Supremacy and the beliefs of the English Church became an offence.

  • January 1552: Second Act of uniformity- Attendance at church of England services became compulsory.

1552 Prayer Book- All traces of Catholicism and the Catholic mass removed, including transubstantiation( a core Catholic belief about Holy Communion)

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was Northumberland a hypocrite

  • Northumberland used Catholic/ conservative support to become Lord President of the Privy Council. Those men then lost their positions.

  • Northumberland oversaw Protestants changes though confessing himself to be a catholic on the scaffold

  • Northumberland was governing in the name of Edward VI, who was a strong Protestant. Northumberland was being a good servant

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financial policies

  • Arguably, Northumberland’s most important priority was to stabilise England after the turmoil of Somerset’s rule.

  • Northumberland tried to pay off England debts. This was through selling off chantry lands (owned by priests before the Henrician Reformation)

  • Ending debasement

  • Increasing Crown revenue through trade expansion and raising custom duties.

 

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Northumberlands approach to financial policies

  • Northumberland wanted to stabilize the economy

  • Northumberland tried to pay off the country’s debts.

  • Northumberland raised customs duties.

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Key dates in John Dudley's life

Key dates in John Dudley’s life:

1550: Becomes Lord president of the Privy Council

1551: Became Duke of Northumberland

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