Edward and Mary: The stability of the Monarchy

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When did Edward VI come on the throne?
Edward VI came onto the throne in 1547 at the age of nine.
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Why was being a young ruler not good?
Being a young ruler caused problems: as he could be exploited by others, and people question their legitimacy.
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When did Mary come onto the throne?
Mary came onto the throne in 1553.
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What was the biggest problem with Mary's gender in becoming the next monarch?
The biggest problem Mary faced as being female was marriage and succession. Unaccepted marriages caused rebellion especially if there was foreign involvement, and without kids caused issues about the next successor.
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When did Mary marry Philip II of Spain? Why did it cause unrest?
Mary married Philip II of Spain in 1554. It caused unrest as people didn't like the idea of a Spanish ruler as England would get involved with their wars such as when they lost Calais against France.
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To Edward, why was Mary becoming his successor a problem?
Mary becoming Edward's successor was a problem because she was Catholic therefore she was certainly going to adopt aggressive Catholic policies.
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To Northumberland, why was Mary becoming his successor a problem?
Northumberland didn't want Mary to become Edward's successor as he didn't want to get sacked and wanted to keep his high position in Parliament.
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What was the devise in 1553?
The Devise in 1553 was that Lady Jane Grey and her sons were to become heirs to the throne.
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Why was Lady Jane Grey chosen for the devise?
Lady Jane Grey was a protestant and Edward did not want to lose all his efforts in transforming England to protestantism. And Northumberland was the father-in-law of LJG therefore his power would still remain.
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How problematic was Elizabeth's succession in 1558?
Elizabeth's succession in 1558 was relatively easy as Mary acknowledged her status as heir before she died. However she didn't leave England in the easiest state to rule in. She left her with debt, poor wages and harvest failures.
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When did Somerset get control?
Somerset got control in 1547.
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What was Somerset's foreign policy?
Somerset wanted to defeat Scotland and reassert Edward's control over the country. However lost as France aided Scotland.
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What was Somerset's religious policy?
Somerset's religious policy was to convert England to protestantism. This was difficult as England was Catholic so he had to slowly introduce his policies.
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When did Somerset's rule end?
Somerset's rule ended in 1549.
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Who took Somerset's place and when?
Northumberland took Somerset's place in 1549.
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What was Northumberland's foreign policy?
Northumberland wanted to bring end to the wars between Scotland and France.
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What was Northumberland's religious policy?
Northumberland's religious policies were to stabilise protestantism and take actions.
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Who's role was better Somerset or Norhtumberland?
Northumberland's role was better as he reached financial stability, ended wars in Scotland and France, and only debased coinage once
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What did Paget want to gain under Mary's reign?
Paget wanted to return a church Catholic in doctrine but independent of Rome with the monastic lands firmly in the possession of English gentlemen.
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What did Gardiner want to gain under Mary's reign?
Gardiner and the bishops wanted to return to the days before the break with Rome.
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Card 2

Front

Why was being a young ruler not good?

Back

Being a young ruler caused problems: as he could be exploited by others, and people question their legitimacy.

Card 3

Front

When did Mary come onto the throne?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the biggest problem with Mary's gender in becoming the next monarch?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When did Mary marry Philip II of Spain? Why did it cause unrest?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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