Education Key Terms

Key word revision cards based on the education and methods paper.

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Social Solidarity

Social unity

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Specified division of labour

A labour force with a large number of specialised occupations

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Secondary Socialisation

The process of socialisation which builds on the primary socialisation usually conducted by the family.

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Value consensus

An agreement about the major values of society

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Individual Achievement

Achieveing success as an individual rather than as a memeber of a group

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Equality of oppurtunity

A system in which every person has an equal chance of success.

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Role allocation

The system of allocating people to roles which suit their aptitude.

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Ruling class ideology

A false picture of society which justifies the position of the ruling and subject classes.

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Correspondance Theory

A theory which shows a correspondence or similarity between two things and suggest that they are casually related - for example, the experience of school and work is similar and he requirements of the workplace shape what goes on in the classroom.

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Social reproduction

The reproduction of new generations of workers with the skills and attitudes required for their roles in capitalist society.

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Counter-school culture

A rejection of the norms and values of the schools and their replacement with anti-school norms and values.

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Gendered Language

Language which uses one gender to refer to both genders.

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Stereotype

An exaggerated and distorted view of the characteristics of members of a social group.

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Vocational education

Education which aims to provide specific workplace skills.

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Welfare dependancy

Depending on state benefits for support and accepting this as a way.

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Marketisation of schools

Competition between schools in the educational market-place.

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Material deprivation

A lack of money and the things that money can buy.

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Cultural deprivation

A lack of certain norms and values shared by members of each social class.

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Social class subcultures

The distinctive norms and values shared by members of each social class.

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Restricted codes

Shorthand speech in which detail is omitted and information taken for granted.

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Elaborated code

A speech pattern in which details are spelt out, explanations provided and meanings are made explicit.

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Dominant culture

The culture of those in the higher levels of the class structure which are generally regarded as superior.

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Cultural capital

Culture that can be converted into material rewards such as high salaries and high living standards.

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Social capital

The support and information provided by contacts and social networks which can be converted into material rewards.

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Label

A major identifying characteristic placed on a person by others. it identifies them as a certain kind of person.

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