ECONOMIC & SOCIAL PROBLEMS

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ECONOMY BEFORE WAR

GREW IMMESNLY 

1914 MOST POWERFUL - ABLE COMPETE SUPERMACY GB

EXTENSIVE NATURAL RESOURCES EG COAL

ADVANCED WELL DEVELOPED INDUSTRIAL BASE

EDUCATED POPULATION

ADVANCE BANKING

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ECONMIC CRISIS

WAR DISLOCATEFD ECONOMY

1919 FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEMS

LOST RESOURCES SAARLAND, A&L, SILESIA = 48% DECLINE IRON 16% COAL 13% AG LAND

REPERATIONS SET 1921

INFLATION / PEAK 1923 HYPERINLFATION

NATIONAL DEBT RISN FROM 500 MILLION MARKS IN 1914 TO 144,000MILLION 1919

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LONG TERM CAUSES GREAT INFLATION

GERMANY NOT EXPECT LONG WAR

KAISER DIDNT INCREASE TAX - 84% WAR BONDS - 1914 DEBT 1.4BILLION

HIGH DEMAND & SHORTAGE GOODS

BLANK CHEQUE 1919

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MEDIUM TERM CAUSES GREAT INFLATION

GOVERNMENT DIDNT BALANCE BUDGET - INCREASE TAX

POLICY DEFICIT FINANCING = INCREASE DEBT - REDUCE TAX - MORE MONEY SPEND & INCREASE WORK

1921 UNEMPLOYMENT 1.%

5TH MAY 1921 REPERATIONS SET - DIDNT ACCEPT - RUHR OCCUPIED

HARD CURRENCY

REFORMS WELFARE SYSTEM & EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS  - DEMAND - PRINT MORE MONEY  COPE 

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SHORT TERM CAUSES GREAT INFLATION

31ST AUGUST 1922 PUNCTUAL 

FAILED 2ND - POSTPONED SEVERAL TIMES

GERMANY FOUND FAULT DECEMBER 1922

FRANCE & BELGIUM SEND 60,000 TROOPS

PAY RESISTING WORKERS - NO TAX

1923 OUTPUT FALLEN 1/5 - INCREASE PRICES - IMPORT COAL

AUTUMN 1923 COST MORE PRINT MONEY WORTH

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WINNERS

FOOD PRODUCERS - HIGH DEMAND

RURAL COMMUNITIES - SELF SUFFICIENT

BUSINESS TOOK OUT LOANS - PAID VALUE DECREASE

VALUE RENT DECREASED LEASING

DEBTS PAY BACK

BLACK MARKETRS FOOD SOLD VASTLY INFLATED

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LOSERS

SMALL BUSINESS COULDNT KEEP UP HYPERINFLATION

PENSION WORTHLESS

LANDLORDS LEASING PROPERTY

TRADE UNION COULDNT KEEP UP

WAR BOND INTEREST DECREASED

MALNUTRTIOM

MEDICAL CARE COST ROSE

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SOCIAL IMPACT

INCREAE CRIME

DECLINE MORALITY

MORE SUICIDES

INCREASE PREJUDICE - SCAPEGOATS

LACK FAITH REPUBLICAN SYSTEM - HARD PROVE NO ACCESS IMPORTANCE MORALITY & RELIGIOUS CODE PAST SOCIETY

OLD VALUE INCREASED

TENSION ROSE NEW CRISIS

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SPARTACIST RISISNG JAN & MARCH 1919

KARL LEIBKNET & ROSA LUXEMBURG

STAGED ARMED UPRISIG BERLIN 5TH JAN

PUBLIC BUILDINGS OCCUPUD - 100S KILLED PUBLIC STRIKE - SET UP COMMUNIST REGIME

ARMY & 125 FRIEKOPRS = 40,000 MEN PUT DOWN FIGHTS

LEADRERS THREAT = EXECUTED

LITTLE SUPPORT WORKING CLASS

SERIOUS RELIANCE ARMY ALTHOUGH EASILY DEFEATED

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KAPP PUTSCH FEB 1920

WOLFGANG KAPP & GENERAL WALTHER VON LUTTWITZ (FRIEKORP)

FEB 1920 MARCHED SOLDIERS BERLIN PROTEST FRIEKOPS DISBANDED

ENCOURAHED 12,000 MEN OCCUPY BUILDINGS & UPRISING

EBERT CALLED ARMY - "TROOPS DONT FIRE TROOPS" - ARMY LEANING LEFT

SERVICE STRIKE 

HIGHLIGHTS WEAKNESS WEIMER - CANT RELY ARMY 

HIGHLIGHTS POWER WORKER - PUT STRIKE DOWN 

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MUNICH PUTSCH - NOVEMBER 1923

HITLER, HANS VON SEEKT, OTTO VON LOSSOW & GUSTAV VON KAHR

HITLER AIM SUPPORT LOSSOW & KAHR NAZI 

MUNICH ANNOUNCE REVOLOUTION - GUN POINT TILL SUPPORT

BAVARIAN POLICE EASILY DEFEAT NAZI (73 DIED)

HITLER ARRESTED CHARGED TREAOSON SENTENCED 5 YEARS SERVED 10 MONTHS AT LANDERBURG - REASONABLE CONDITIONS

SUPPORT EVAPORATED OVERNIGHT - ORIGINAL PLAN FAILED

IMPORTANT ARMY SUPPORT REPUBLIC

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LEFT WING MINMAL THREAT

SHORT LIVED SOVIET REPUBLIC BAVARIA APRIL 1919

ATTEMPT UPRISING SAXONY MARCH 1929 INSIPRED THREAT

HOWEVER

RELAITY WASNT - SEVERAL ISOLATED INCIDENTS

PROVED INCAPABLE MOUNTING UNIFIED ATTACK WEIMAR 

UNSURE TACTICS - WEAKENED 

REMOVED SPIRITED LEADERS - NEVER GAIN 1/3 VOTE WORKING CLASS

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LEFT WING MODERATE THREATS

1920 USP DISBANDED - MEMBERS JOIN KPD OR SPD

 LESS THREAT STILL 10 - 15% ELECTORATE

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RIGHT WING - MINIMAL

SEEKCT APPOINTED CHIEF OF ARMY COMMAND

ARMY REMODELLED & STATUS REDEFINED 

POSITION BEYOND DIRECT GOVERNMENT CONTROL 

ARMY HIGHER PURPOSE - DO SAW FIT REGARDLESS WEIMAR

JUDICIARY CLEARLLY BIASED

HITLER SERVED 10 MONTHS - LEADERS LEFT SAW LONG OR DEATH

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RIGHT WING MODERATE THREAT

SCAPEGOATS BLAME ARIMISTICE 

NOVEMBER CRIMMINALS VERSAILLES

DISTORTED INTEPRETAIONS 1918 - 1919 - POWERFUL GROUP BEAT NEW LEADERS

FRIEKOPRS ANTI REPUBLICAN COMMITED AUTHORITARIAN RULE

SHOWED WORDS FEAUTURES & BLIND PREJUDICES - PREPAPERED VIOLENCE

ORGANISATION CONSIL - ASSASSINATED ERZBERGER & RATHENAU

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RIGHT WING SEVERE THREATS

ARMY NO REISTANCE - NO SIDES - FAILED SUPPRORT LEGIT GOVERNMENT

HOWEVER

KAPP & GOVERNMENT NO AUTHORITY GENERAL STRIKE COLLAPSED 4 DAYS - SUCCESS REPUBLIC WITHSTOOD THREAT EXTREME RIGHT

ALTHOUGH

HIGHLIGHTED WEAKNESS WEIMAR

ARMY SHOWED RIGHT WING ATTITUDE

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