Discuss two or more social psychological theories of aggression (8 + 16 marks)

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  • Created by: KCharlish
  • Created on: 06-03-16 16:11

AO1 1 - SLT

  • Aggression learnt through observation of role models and imitating behaviour
  • Vicarious reinforcement
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AO1 2 SLT

  • Mental representation
  • Behaviour will be displayed if the expectation of reward outweighs any possible expectation of punishment
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AO2 1 Bandura Bobo doll

  • Those who observed a model acting aggressively towards a bobo doll were more likely to produce the same behaviours
  • Esoecially when the adult was rewarded
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A02 2 Lacks validity

  • Demand characteristics
  • Focus on doll rather than real life
  • Clown = similar levels of imitation
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IDA - Ethics

  • Unethical to expose children to aggressive behaviour with the knowledge they may imitate the behaviour
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AO1 3 - Deindividuation

  • Lowered self awareness and decreased concerns about their own evaluation by others
  • Causes behaviours that woukd normally be inhibited
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AO1 4 Deindividuation

  • State of anonymity: large crowd
  • Anonymous and cannot be held to account for their behaviour
  • Reduced self control
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AO2 3 Zimbardo

  • Deindividuated condition (bulky lab coats, not introduced to eachother) = shocked the learner for twice as long as the individuated condition
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A02 4 Postmes and Spears

  • Lack of support
  • Meta analysis of 60 studies
  • Disinhinition and antisocial behaviour is not more common in large groups and anonymous settings
  • Reduced self awareness doesn't increase aggression
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IDA - Baiting crowd

  • Mann - baiting crowd
  • 21 sucide leaps 1960's - 70's
  • 10 out of 21 cases where a crowd had formed, baiting had occured
  • Tended to occur at night - crowd was large and less identifiable
  • Produce a state of deindividuation
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