Deviation from ideal mental health


Deviation from ideal mental health

  • Jahoda
    • We have no symptoms or distress
    • We are rational and can percieve ourselves accurately
    • We self-actualise
    • We can cope with stress
    • We have a realistic view of the world
    • We have good self-esteem and lack guilt
    • We are independent of other people
    • We can successfully work, love and enjoy our leisure.
  • There is some overlap from DIM and FFA.
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It is a comprehensive definition

  • Covers a broad range of criteria for mental health
  • Probably covers most of the reasons why someone would seek help from mental health services or be referred for help.
  • Good tool for thinking about mental health.
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Cultural relativism

  • Specific to western european and north american cultures (culture bound)
  • Emphasis on personal achievement and concept of self-actualisation could be considered self-indulgent.
  • Much of the world may see independence from other people as a bad thing.
  • Traits typical as individualist cultures.
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It sets an unrealistically high standard for menta

  • Very few of us attain Jahoda's criteria
  • Probably none of us achieve all of them at the same time.
  • This approach would see most of us as abnormal.
  • Makes it clear to people the benefits of seeking treatment.
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