Reasons for Counter-urbanisation


  • Escape Pollution from air and noise.
  • Bad congestion and parking.
  • Expensive housing so move to get better value for money.


  • Less dense housing, with more outdoor space.
  • Communications have improved eg high speed internet.
  • Better quality of life.
  • Improvements in technology means businesses can move out to rural areas where it is cheaper.
  • Increased car ownership and better rail networks mean its easy for people to commute.
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Impacts on rural areas

+Pubs etc. have an increase in business as people with higher disposable income have entred the area.

+Imporvement in buildings and farms as they are rennovated.

+Keeps schools in rural areas open, as young families move out.

-Unattractive new developments in the local area.

-Rural shops may close as people with cars tend to head out to shops in urban areas.

-Roads in local area may not be able to come with an increase of use, may lead to congestion.

-Schools may close if it is older people moving to the area.

-Higher demand for houses so prices increase and become dominated by older people that can afford it.

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Managing the impacts of CU

  • In some places, new houses etc have to be in keeping with what is already there.
  • Mobile services such as natwest bank.
  • Local occupancy clauses mean that some part of the housing can only be brought by people who have lived in the area for more than a certain amount of yers.
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Case study St.ives CU

Facts- 70 miles form the north of London and population has grown by 12600 people in 51 years. it has good road and rail network to London. arounf 1/4 of the working population commute into London each day.

Impacts on St.Ives:

  • Congestion is an issue on the A41
  • Average detached house price rose from £130000 to £291000 between 2000 and 2010.
  • Houses built on Flood plains due to high demand and over 1000 houses are at risk of flooding.
  • More Shops and services in the town now, clothes, cafe and restaurants etc.
  • Change in population structure as it was previously ageing, however influx of young people.
  • This change has put strain on schools.

Management strategies:

  • 2010, plans approved to build 200 new homes and 75 would be affordable on lower incomes.
  • Expand primary schools creating 240 more places.
  • Flood protection works to create new embankments and flood walls.
  • Bus ways been built, costing £116 million to reduce congestion.
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