Consuming resources

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  • Created by: Holly45
  • Created on: 28-04-15 17:09

What is a resource?

  • anything that can be used to meet a human need
  • divided into two types: human and natural
  • BIOLOGICAL RESOURCE: anything living
  • ENERGY RESOURCES: fossil fuels and renewable energy sources
  • MINERAL RESOURCES: mineral ores and building stones
  • PHYSICAL RESOURCES: features or processes in the landscape that humans can utilise such as land, water, geothermal heat and sunlight
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Global resource inequalities

  • the availability of a resource depends on the place becuase resources are not evenly distributed, it costs too much or many places are protected
  • the richest 20% of the worlds people consume 82% of the worlds resources
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  • Russia and Ukraine hit a dispute over oil in January 2006
  • Russia has a vast supply of oil and gas
  • impacted on the UKs prices
  • political tension in the Middle East


  • not everyone can afford it
  • very dependant on oil for everyday life
  • hot water and electricity
  • used in farming


  • use chemicals to separate oil and sand
  • toxic slides
  • 1.34 million cars = the same emmisons that are produced there
  • 60km of toxic ponds
  • Athabaska river is getting toxic sludges around it
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Renewable energy

  • an energy source that never runs out
  • resources are running out (peak oil)
  • coal produces CO2 which traps heat and can create climate change
  • overeliance on finite resources which increases prices
  • costs of importing


  • operating costs are low
  • creates a constant energy
  • no pollution and acts as a tourist attraction
  • hard to find suitable sites
  • lots of people have to be relocated
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Are there enough resources?

  • Total population: 7.2 billion
  • fast growth of population: exponential growth


  • believed that population grew exponentially but food production grew arithmetically
  • population would eventually outstrip food supply
  • population would decrease due to starvation (example of a natural check)
  • he believed that population would decrease but then increase again to the next natural check


  • she argued that food production does not limit or control population growth
  • she believed that people would try not to give in to disease or famine, instead they would invent solutions to the problems
  • used the term 'agricultural intensification' to explain how farmers can grow more food from the same piece of land
  • fish farming and draining marshlands
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Global food crisis

  • FOOD SECURITY: the ability to obtain sufficient food on a day to day basis. People are considered to be this when they do not live in fear of hunger
  • RESOURCE: a natural occurring substance eg. Water
  • FODD INSECURITY: this is when it is difficult to obtain sufficient food. This can range from hunger to full scale famine
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New technology to solve oil issues


  • hydrogen powered
  • only emitts water vapour
  • zero emissions vehicle


  • cheaper car
  • target audience is India
  • more people will buy it which means emissions with increase


  • no harmfull emissions
  • best usea are for heating and transport
  • safe and already used in the chemical and other industries
  • only product is water
  • refuelling is quick
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Reducing resource demand

  • SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
  • agenda 21 is a UN sustainable development programme agreed a various earth summits
  • the EU target rate for recycling is 50% by 2020
  • Brighton and Crawley have one of the lowest rates in the UK at just 25.6% and 26.1%


  • Ealing in London offers: 240 litre wheelie bins for paper recycling which are emptied for free
  • advise on reusing materials and bins for cans and compost bins


  • reducing domestic energy consumption and improving insulation in houses


  • average person in England disposes of 263kg of waste every year
  • UK produced 7 million tonnes of food waste in 2007
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