Communication and Homeostasis - Taboo

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Stimulus

  • Response
  • Environment
  • Change
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Negative Feedback

  • Reversal
  • Internal Environment
  • Homeostasis
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Depolarisation

  • Polarisation
  • Negative
  • Membrane
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Saltatory

  • Action Potential
  • Node of Ranvier
  • Myelinated
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Cholinergic Synapse

  • Neurotransmitter
  • Synaptic Knob
  • Action Potential
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Summation

  • Amplified
  • Impulse
  • Stimulus
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Adenyl Cyclase

  • Enzyme
  • Receptor
  • Adrenaline
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Beta Cells

  • Hormone
  • Regulation
  • Insulin
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Gylcogenolysis

  • Glycogen
  • Glucose
  • Splitting
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Medulla Oblongata

  • Cardiovascular Centre
  • Heart Rate
  • Breathing Rate
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Response

  • Behaviour
  • Physiology
  • Change in Environment
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Homeostasis

  • Internal Environment
  • Constant State
  • External Changes
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Positive Feedback

  • Increases Change
  • Oxytocin
  • Homeostasis
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Ectotherm

  • External Sources
  • Regulate
  • Body Temperature
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Endotherm

  • Internal Sources
  • Regulate
  • Body Temperature
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Polarised

  • Membrane
  • Potential Difference
  • Resting Potential
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Generator Potential

  • Depolarisation
  • Sodium Ions
  • Voltage-Gated Channels
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Action Potential

  • Membrane
  • +40 mV
  • Depolarised
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Resting Potential

  • Potenial Difference
  • Membrane
  • -60 mV
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Voltage-Gated Channels

  • Cell Membrane
  • Charged Particles
  • Potential Difference
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Threshold Potential

  • Potential Difference
  • -50 mV
  • Action Potential
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Repolarisation

  • Potassium Ions
  • Potential Difference
  • Negative
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Refractory Period

  • Stimulus
  • Cell Membrane
  • Action Potential
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Local Currents

  • Movement of Ions
  • Diffusion
  • High Concentration
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Myelin Sheath

  • Insulating
  • Fatty Material
  • Schwann Cells
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Neurotransmitter

  • Chemical
  • Diffusion
  • Postsynaptic Neurone
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Synaptic Knob

  • Presynaptic Neurone
  • Swelling
  • Vesicles
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Acetylcholinerase

  • Enzyme
  • Synaptic Cleft
  • Acetylcholine
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All or Nothing

  • Action Potential
  • +40 mV
  • Conduct
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Hormones

  • Molecules
  • Endocrine Glands
  • Messengers
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Endocrine Gland

  • Secretes Hormones
  • Blood
  • No Ducts
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Exocrine Gland

  • Secretes Molecules
  • Duct
  • Target Organ
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Target Cells

  • Specific Receptor
  • Plasma Membrane
  • Complementary
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First Messenger

  • Hormone
  • Signal
  • Adrenaline
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Second Messenger

  • cAMP
  • Signal
  • Enzyme Action
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Pancreatic Duct

  • Pancreas
  • Exocrine
  • Small Intestine
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Islets of Langerhans

  • Tissue
  • Pancreas
  • Endocrine
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Alpha Cells

  • Hormone
  • Glucagon
  • Regulation
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Insulin

  • Hormone
  • Pancreas
  • Blood Glucose Levels
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Glucagon

  • Hormone
  • Blood Glucose Levels
  • Rise
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Hepatocytes

  • Liver Cells
  • Metabolic
  • Specialised
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Diabetes Mellitus

  • Disease
  • Insulin-Dependent
  • Non-Insulin-Dependent
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Hyperglycaemia

  • Blood Glucose Concentration
  • Too High
  • Regulation
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Hypoglycaemia

  • Blood Glucose Concentration
  • Too Low
  • Regulation
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Genetically Engineered Bacteria

  • Altered DNA
  • Human Insulin
  • Diabetes
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Stem Cells

  • Unspecialised
  • Pluripotent
  • Bone Marrow
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Cell Metabolism

  • Chemical Reactions
  • Cytoplasm
  • Waste Products
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Myogenic

  • Muscle
  • Self-Contracting
  • Pacemaker
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Cardiovascular Centre

  • Medulla Oblongata
  • SAN
  • Excitation
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